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From: TSS ()
Subject: DOCKET APHIS-2007-0033 Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002; Biennial Review and Republication of the Select Agent and Toxin List
Date: August 29, 2007 at 8:50 am PST

DOCKET APHIS-2007-0033 Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002; Biennial Review and Republication of the Select Agent and Toxin List

August, 29, 2007


Greetings APHIS,

I would kindly like to submit the following to ;


DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Part 331
9 CFR Part 121

Docket No. APHIS-2007-0033
RIN 0579-AC53

This is my second submission to APHIS about Bioterrorism and the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy TSE agent.
My first submission was Mon, 27 Jan 2003 15:54:57 -0600 Docket No: 02-088-1 RE-Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002 (see my old submission at bottom dated Subject: Docket No: 02-088-1 RE-Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002; Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2003 15:54:57 -0600 From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
To: regulations@aphis.usda.gov ).


WHAT I am most concerned about is that ONLY BSE is listed as a dangerous toxin in the family of TSE. With the ever growing list of atypical TSE like atypical BSE BASE, and the atypical Scrapie Nor-98, and also the typical scrapie strains, and Chronic Wasting Disease CWD, why is it only BSE is listed ?

I think that all of these TSE's should be listed with the BSE agent as a potential Biological weapon. With these atypical TSE, even more so, due to the fact the possibility of vertical and lateral transmission, unlike BSE (not documented to date to transmit that way). With the atypical BSE BASE being more virulent to humans than the typical BSE, why is it not listed ?

WHY is the atypical Scrapie Nor-98, with this being a potential threat to not only animals, but humans as well, why is this not listed ?

WHY is Chronic Wasting Disease CWD of deer and elk not listed, especially since CWD has transmitted to the bovine by inoculation to date, with oral studies still ongoing, and the fact the oral route would take much longer, would CWD wreck havoc on a countries economy too, let alone the very real potential for CWD to transmit to humans, why is CWD not listed as a Bio-toxin ?

IF these terrorist are willing to walk into a mall and blow themselves up as a walking bomb, what is to keep them from exposing themselves to one of these deadly TSEs, and then going to a hospital and exposing many with CJD somehow. This may seem far fetched, but very possible. Why is CJD not listed ?

IN short, and very simple, all you would have to do is change the BSE, to human and animal TSE, thus all bases would be covered. but in only including the BSE strain of TSE agent, I think you are only fooling yourselves, again. ...

SOURCES


Subject: Cross-sequence transmission of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease creates a new prion strain

Date: August 25, 2007 at 12:42 pm PST

snip...


In this study, the strain-dependent traits of sCJDMM1
prions were inherited through cross-sequence
transmission without any modification. The
humanized mice with 129V/V produced type 1 PrPres
after inoculation with sCJD-MM1 prions. Because
sCJD-VV1 cases are extremely rare (at most 1-2%
of the total number of sCJD cases) and characterized
by early onset (mean age at onset: 39.3 years) (5),

####################################

our results raise the possibility that CJD cases
classified as VV1 may include cases caused by
iatrogenic transmission of sCJD-MM1 prions or
food-borne infection by type 1 prions from animals,
e.g., chronic wasting disease prions in cervid. In fact,
two CJD-VV1 patients who hunted deer or
consumed venison have been reported (40, 41). The
results of the present study emphasize the need for
traceback studies and careful re-examination of the
biochemical properties of sCJD-VV1 prions.

###################################

In conclusion, cross-sequence transmission of
sCJD-VV2 prions generates a new prion strain with
altered conformational properties and disease
phenotypes as p-dCJD prions. Furthermore, the
newly generated prions have unique transmissibility
including the traceback phenomenon. In the future, if
atypical prion strains emerge through cross-sequence
transmission, especially from animals, traceback
studies will enable us to identify the origin of the
prions.

REFERENCES...snip...end

FULL TEXT ;


http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/M704597200v1?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=Cross-sequence+transmission+of+sporadic+Creutzfeldt-Jakob+disease+creates+a+new+&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&resourcetype=HWCIT


Re: Colorado Surveillance Program for Chronic Wasting Disease
Transmission to Humans (TWO SUSPECT CASES)


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0704&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=1165


snip...full text ;


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=21267


CWD experts address first meeting of advisory committee


http://www.biggamehunt.net/forums/viewtopic.php?t=13925


PART 2

http://www.biggamehunt.net/forums/viewtopic.php?p=62733#62733

Subject: MAD COW BASE H-TYPE AND L-TYPE

Date: August 23, 2007 at 11:30 am PST


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=19779

From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Sent: Tuesday, August 21, 2007 9:50 AM
Subject: TWO MORE Nor98 atypical Scrapie cases detected in USA bringing
total to 3 cases to date


Infected and Source Flocks

As of June 30, 2007, there were .....

snip...

One field case and one validation case were consistent with Nor-98 scrapie.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/animal_diseases/scrapie/downloads/monthly_scrapie_rpt.pps


IN the February 2007 Scrapie report it only mentions ;

''One case was consistent with Nor98 scrapie.''

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/animal_diseases/scrapie/


(please note flocks of origin were in WY, CO, AND CA. PERSONAL COMMUNCATIONS
USDA, APHIS, VS ET AL. ...TSS)

NOR98 SHOWS MOLECULAR FEATURES REMINISCENT OF GSS


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=14553


An evaluation of scrapie surveillance in the United States


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=3427

FOIA REQUEST FOR ATYPICAL TSE INFORMATION ON VERMONT SHEEP


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=10451

SEAC New forms of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy 1 August 2007
From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
Date: Sun, 5 Aug 2007 13:09:38 -0500


http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=3573

POTENTIAL MAD CAT ESCAPES LAB IN USA

http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0708&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=7062

Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
P.O. Box 42
Bacliff, Texas USA 77518


=========================August 29, 2007=====================


[Federal Register: August 28, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 166)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Page 49231-49236]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr28au07-40]

========================================================================
Proposed Rules
Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.

========================================================================

[[Page 49231]]

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Part 331

9 CFR Part 121

[Docket No. APHIS-2007-0033]
RIN 0579-AC53


Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002; Biennial Review
and Republication of the Select Agent and Toxin List

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In accordance with the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection
Act of 2002, we are proposing to amend and republish the list of select
agents and toxins that have the potential to pose a severe threat to
animal or plant health, or to animal or plant products. The Act
requires the biennial review and republication of the list of select
agents and toxins and the revision of the list as necessary. This
action would implement the findings of the second biennial review of
the list.

DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before
October 29, 2007.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov
, select ``Animal and Plant Health Inspection

Service'' from the agency drop-down menu, then click ``Submit.'' In the
Docket ID column, select APHIS-2007-0033 to submit or view public
comments and to view supporting and related materials available
electronically. Information on using Regulations.gov, including
instructions for accessing documents, submitting comments, and viewing
the docket after the close of the comment period, is available through
the site's ``User Tips'' link.
Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send four copies
of your comment (an original and three copies) to Docket No. APHIS-
2007-0033, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-
03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state
that your comment refers to Docket No. APHIS-2007-0033.
Reading Room: You may read any comments that we receive on this
docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of
the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue, SW.,
Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.,
Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to
help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
Other Information: Additional information about APHIS and its
programs is available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov.


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information concerning the
regulations in 7 CFR part 331, contact Ms. Gwendolyn Burnett, Select
Agent Program Compliance Manager, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 2,
Riverdale, MD 20737-1231, (301) 734-5960.
For information concerning the regulations in 9 CFR part 121,
contact Dr. Frederick D. Doddy, Veterinary Medical Officer, Animals,
Organisms and Vectors, and Select Agents, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road
Unit 2, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231, (301) 734-5960.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background


snip...


TITLE 9--[AMENDED]

PART 121--POSSESSION, USE, AND TRANSFER OF SELECT AGENTS AND TOXINS

3. The authority citation for part 121 continues to read as
follows:

Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8401; 7 U.S.C. 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.

4. In Sec. 121.3, footnotes 1 and 2 are redesignated as footnotes
2 and 3, respectively, and paragraph (b) is revised to read as follows:

[[Page 49236]]

Sec. 121.3 VS select agents and toxins

* * * * *
(b) VS select agents and toxins:

African horse sickness virus;
African swine fever virus;
Akabane virus;
Avian influenza virus (highly pathogenic);
Bluetongue virus (exotic);
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent;
Camel pox virus;
Classical swine fever virus;
Ehrlichia ruminantium (Heartwater);
Foot-and-mouth disease virus;
Goat pox virus;
Japanese encephalitis virus;
Lumpy skin disease virus;
Malignant catarrhal fever virus (Alcelaphine herpesvirus type 1);
Menangle virus;
Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (contagious
caprine pleuropneumonia);
Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (MmmSC)
(contagious bovine pleuropneumonia);
Peste des petits ruminants virus;
Rinderpest virus; Sheep pox virus;
Swine vesicular disease virus;
Vesicular stomatitis virus (exotic).
Virulent Newcastle disease virus \4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

snip...full text ;


http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20071800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2007/E7-17039.htm


=======================================================


Subject: Docket No: 02-088-1 RE-Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002;
Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2003 15:54:57 -0600
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
To: regulations@aphis.usda.gov

Docket No: 02-088-1

Title: Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002;
Possession, Use, and Transfer of Biological Agents and Toxins

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2002_register&docid=fr13de02-15.pdf

Greetings,

i would like to kindly submit to this docket and warn of
the potential for biological 'suitcase bombs' from
civilian air-traffic populations from known BSE/FMD
and other exotic animal disease pathogens coming into
the USA.

please be warned;

Date: Thu, 21 Mar 2002 08:42:56 -0800
Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Sender: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."
Subject: USA SEALED BORDERS AND THE ''USCS'' (unspecified species coding
system) MORE POTENTIAL B.S.eee

Change in Disease Status of Greece With Regard to Foot-and-Mouth

[Federal Register: March 21, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 55)]

snip...

Under Sec. 94.11, meat and other animal products of ruminants and swine,
including ship stores, airplane meals, and baggage containing these meat
or animal products, may not be imported into the United States except in
accordance with Sec. 94.11 and the applicable requirements of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service at 9 CFR
chapter III.

snip...

From an economic standpoint, the proposed rule would have little or no
impact on U.S. animal stock and commodities. There are two reasons.
First, the proposed rule would not remove other disease-based
restrictions on the importation of ruminants or swine (and certain meat
and other products from those animals) from Greece into the United
States. Because bovine spongiform encephalopathy is considered to exist
in Greece, the importation of ruminants and meat, meat products, and
certain other products of ruminants that have been in Greece is prohibited.

snip...

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2002_register&docid=02-6837-filed

========================

What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from
the country?

Very few products that would be of risk for transmission of BSE were
imported into the US from Greece during 2000 or 2001 (January - April).
Due to the above mentioned import ban, no live ruminants, ruminant meat,
meal made from ruminants, or other high risk products from ruminants
were imported from Greece during this time period. In 2001 (January -
April), 3000 kg of enzymes and prepared enzymes and 5 kg of medicants
containing antibiotics for veterinary use were imported. The data do not
provide a species of origin code for these products, therefore they may
not contain any ruminant product.

Sources: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from the affected country?

Approximately 185,000 direct flights from Greece arrived to US airports
in fiscal year 2000. Also, an unknown number of passengers from Greece
arrived via indirect flights.

Under APHIS-PPQ's agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 584 air
passengers from Greece were sampled for items of agricultural interest
in fiscal year 2000. Of these passengers, 14 carried meat (non-pork)
items that could potentially transmit pathogens that cause BSE; most
passengers carried from one to two kilograms (kg) of meat, although one
passenger in November 1999 carried 23 kg of meat in a suitcase. Florida,
Massachusetts, and New York were the reported destinations of these
passengers. None of the passengers with meat items reported plans to
visit or work on a ranch or farm while in the US.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_greece0701.htm

Greetings list members,

i just cannot accept this;

> 23 kg of meat in a suitcase (suitcase bomb...TSS)

> The data do not provide a species of origin code for these

> products, therefore they may not contain any ruminant product.

what kind of statement is this?

how stupid do they think we are?

it could also very well mean that _all_ of it was ruminant based products !

Terry S. Singeltary Sr., Bacliff, Texas USA

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from Slovenia?

There were no direct flights from Slovenia to the US in fiscal year 2000.

APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring sampled 27 air
passengers from Slovenia for items of agricultural interest in fiscal
year 2000. One of these 27 passengers was carrying two kilograms of a
meat item that could potentially harbor pathogens that cause BSE. This
passenger arrived to Elizabeth, New York, in June 2000 and declared no
intention to visit a farm or ranch in the US.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_slovenia1101.htm

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from the affected country?

A total of 45,438 passengers arrived in the US on direct flights from
the Czech Republic in fiscal year 2000. It is likely that additional
passengers originating in the Czech Republic traveled to the US on
non-direct flights.

As part of APHIS-PPQ’s Agriculture Quarantine Inspection Monitoring, 238
air passengers from the Czech Republic were inspected for items of
agricultural interest in fiscal year 2000. Of these, 10, or 4.2%, were
found to be carrying a total of 17 kg of items that could potentially
present a risk for BSE. None of the passengers with items reported plans
to visit or work on a farm or ranch while in the US.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_cz0601.htm

What are the US imports of affected animals or animal products from Austria?

Between 1998 and June 2001, US imports from Austria included goat meat,
animal feeds, and sausage. The sausage and animals feeds were from
unspecified species.

Source: World Trade Atlas

snip...

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from Austria?

A total of 168,598 passengers on direct flights from Austria arrived at
US airports in fiscal year 2000. An undetermined number of passengers
from Austria arrived in the US via indirect flights.

Under APHIS-PPQ’s agricultural quarantine inspection monitoring, 565 air
passengers from Austria were sampled for items of agricultural interest
in fiscal year 2000. Ten (10) of these passengers, or 1.7 percent,
carried a total of 23 kg meat (non-pork) items that could potentially
harbor the pathogen(s) that cause BSE. None of these passengers from
whom meat items were confiscated reported plans to visit or work on a
ranch or farm during their visit to the US.

Source: US Dept. of Transportation; APHIS-PPQ

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_austria1201.htm

Greetings FDA and public,

if you go to the below site, and search all BSE known countries and
check out their air traffic illegal meat they have confiscated, and
check out the low number checked, compared to actual passenger traffic,
would not take too much for some nut to bring in FMD/TSEs into the USA
as a 'suitcase bomb'.

[[Under APHIS-PPQ's agricultural quarantine inspection monitoring, 284
air passengers from Israel were sampled for items of agricultural
interest in fiscal year 2001. Seven of these passengers, or 2 percent,
carried a total of 11 kg of meat items that could potentially harbor the
pathogen that causes BSE. None of these passengers from whom meat items
were confiscated reported plans to visit or work on a ranch or farm
during their visit to the U.S.]]

if they were to have questioned the terrorist that bombed the Twin
Towers with jets, if they were to have questioned them at flight school
in the USA, i am sure that they would have said they did not intend to
visit the Twin Towers as a flying bomb either. what am i thinking, they
probably did ask this? stupid me.

[[In 1999 a small amount of non-species specific meat and offal was
imported and a small amount of fetal bovine serum (FBS) was also
imported. FBS is considered to have a relatively low risk of
transmitting BSE.]]

more of the USA infamous 'non-species coding system', wonder how many of
these species are capable of carrying a TSE?

snip...

A total of 524,401 passengers arrived on direct flights to the U.S. from
Israel in fiscal year 2000. This number does not include passengers who
arrived in the U.S. from Israel via indirect flights.

Under APHIS-PPQ's agricultural quarantine inspection monitoring, 284 air
passengers from Israel were sampled for items of agricultural interest
in fiscal year 2001. Seven of these passengers, or 2 percent, carried a
total of 11 kg of meat items that could potentially harbor the pathogen
that causes BSE. None of these passengers from whom meat items were
confiscated reported plans to visit or work on a ranch or farm during
their visit to the U.S.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_israel0602.htm

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base.

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from Japan?

Approximately 6.84 million passengers on 29,826 direct flights from
Japan arrived at US airports in fiscal year 2000. An undetermined number
of passengers from Japan arrived in the US via indirect flights.

Under APHIS-PPQ's agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 801 air
passengers from Japan were sampled for items of agricultural interest in
fiscal year 2000. Of these 801 passengers, 10 carried meat (non-pork)
items that could potentially harbor the pathogen(s) that cause BSE; most
passengers carried an average of 1.7 kilograms of meat. None of these
passengers from whom meat items were confiscated reported plans to visit
or work on a ranch or farm during their visit to the US.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_japan0901.htm

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States
from the affected country?

A total of 3.3 million passengers arrived in the US on direct flights
from Germany in 1998, although many of these passengers would not have
originated in Germany. As part of APHIS-PPQ's Agriculture Quarantine
Inspection Monitoring, 8,247 air passengers from Germany were inspected
for items of agricultural interest. Of these, 198, or 2.3%, were found
to be carrying a total of 304 kg of items that could potentially present
a risk for BSE. Thirty (30) of the passengers with items reported plans
to visit or work on a farm or ranch while in the US. Reported
destination states of these 30 passengers were CA, CO, DE, FL, LA, MT,
OH, VA, and WY.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural
Quarantine Inspection data base

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_germany1200e.htm

search archives at bottom of page of each BSE Country;

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/iw_archive.htm

more on non-species coding system and TSEs and potential
'suitcase bombs';

To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Subject: Re: POLAND FINDS 4TH MAD COW CASE/USA IMPORTS FROM
POLAND/non-species coding system strikes again
References: <3DC198E3.8090704@wt.net>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1; format=flowed
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit
X-Virus-Scanner: Found to be clean

Greetings again List Members,

let me kick a madcow around here a bit.

on the imports from Poland and the infamous USA
'non-species' coding system.

the USDA/APHIS states;

> During the past four years (1998 - 2001), US imports from
> Poland included non-species specific animal products
> used in animal feeds and non-species specific sausage and offal
> products (Table 3). Given US restrictions on ruminant product
> imports, these US imports should not have contained ruminant
> material.

NOW, if you read Polands GBR risk assessment and opinion
on BSE, especially _cross-contamination_, it states;

ANNEX 1

Poland - Summary of the GBR-Assessment, February 2001

EXTERNAL CHALLENGE STABILITY INTERACTION OF EXTERNAL
CHALLENGE AND STABILITY


The very high to extremely high external
challenge met a very unstable system and
could have led to contamination of
domestic cattle in Poland from 1987
onwards.

This internal challenge again met the still
very unstable system and increased over
time.

The continuing very high external
challenge supported this development.

Not OK
MBM-ban
since 1997,
but no feed
controls.
Reasonably OK
Heat treatment
equivalent to
133°C / 20min / 3
bar standards, but
no evidence
provided on
compliance.

Not OK.
No SRM-ban,
SRM are
rendered and
included in
cattle feed.

BSE surveillance:

Not sufficient before
2001.

Cross-contamination:

Lines for ruminant
and non-ruminant
feed in feed-mills only
separated in time and
no analytical controls
carried out.
Likely present since 1987 and growing.

see full text and ANNEX 1 at;

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/ssc/out185_en.pdf

so in my humble opinion, the statement by the USDA/APHIS
that ''these US imports _should_ not have contained ruminant
materials, is a joke. a sad joke indeed.

* POLAND BSE GBR RISK ASSESSMENT

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/ssc/out185_en.pdf

BSE ISRAEL change in disease status, AND THE DAMN NON-SPECIES CODING
SYSTEM $$$

Subject: BSE ISRAEL change in disease status, AND THE DAMN NON-SPECIES CODING SYSTEM $$$
Date: November 1, 2002 at 8:03 am PST

[Federal Register: November 1, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 212)]

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

9 CFR Part 94

[Docket No. 02-072-2]


Change in Disease Status of Israel Because of BSE

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Affirmation of interim rule as final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are adopting as a final rule, without change, an interim
rule that amended the regulations by adding Israel to the list of
regions where bovine spongiform encephalopathy exists because the
disease had been detected in a native-born animal in that region. The
effect of the interim rule was a restriction on the importation of
ruminants, meat, meat products, and certain other products of ruminants
that had been in Israel. The interim rule was necessary to help prevent
the introduction of bovine spongiform encephalopathy into the United
States.

EFFECTIVE DATE: The interim rule became effective on June 4, 2002.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Gary Colgrove, Chief Staff
Veterinarian, Sanitary Trade Issues Team, National Center for Import
and Export, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 38, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1231; (301) 734-4356.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The regulations in 9 CFR parts 93, 94, 95, and 96 (referred to
below as the regulations) govern the importation of certain animals,
birds, poultry, meat, other animal products and byproducts, hay, and
straw into the United States in order to prevent the introduction of
various animal diseases, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy
(BSE).
In an interim rule effective June 4, 2002, and published in the
Federal Register on July 18, 2002 (67 FR 47243-47244, Docket No. 02-
072-1), we amended the regulations in Sec. 94.18 (a)(1) by adding
Israel to the list of regions where BSE exists due to the detection of
BSE in a native-born animal in that region.
Comments on the interim rule were required to be received on or
before September 16, 2002. We did not receive any comments. Therefore,
for the reasons given in the interim rule, we are adopting the interim
rule as a final rule.
This action also affirms the information contained in the interim
rule concerning Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and the Paperwork
Reduction Act.
Further, for this action, the Office of Management and Budget has
waived its review under Executive Order 12866.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

This action affirms an interim rule that amended the regulations by
adding Israel to the list of regions where BSE exists. The effect of
the interim rule was a restriction on the importation of ruminants,
meat, meat products, and certain other products of ruminants that had
been in Israel. The interim rule was necessary to help prevent the
introduction of BSE into the United States.
The following analysis addresses the economic effects of the
interim rule on small entities, as required by the Regulatory
Flexibility Act.
The interim rule's restrictions on the importation of ruminants and
ruminant products and byproducts from Israel are not expected to have a
significant impact on a substantial number of small entities due to the
fact that the restricted items are either not imported from Israel or
are imported in very small amounts. There are three categories of
imports that may be affected, but Israel's share of U.S. imports is
small in each case.
The first category of affected imported commodities is ``Meat and
edible meat offal, salted in brine, dried or smoked; edible flours and
meals of meat or meat offal.'' Average total yearly imports of these
products by the United States over the 3-year period 1999-2001 were
valued at $24.6 million. Imports from Israel in 1999 were valued at
$26,000. No imports of these products from Israel were reported for
2000 or 2001.
The second category of affected commodities is ``Preparations of a
kind used in animal feeding.'' Average total yearly imports of these
products, 1999-2001, were valued at $93.5 million. Imports from Israel
had an average yearly value over this period of about $76,000.
The final category of affected commodities is ``Other prepared or
preserved meat, meat offal or blood.'' Average yearly imports of these
products, 1999-2001, were valued at $101.2 million. Imports from Israel
had an average yearly value over this period of about $2.7 million.
It is apparent that Israel is a minor supplier to the United States
of the ruminant products and byproducts affected by the BSE-related
restrictions resulting from the interim rule. Therefore, we do not
expect that the interim rule's restrictions on ruminants and ruminant
products and byproducts from Israel will substantially affect any U.S.
importers, large or small, of those commodities.
Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will
not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small
entities.

List of Subjects in 9 CFR Part 94

Animal diseases, Imports, Livestock, Meat and meat products, Milk,
Poultry and poultry products, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

PART 94--RINDERPEST, FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, FOWL PEST (FOWL
PLAGUE), EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE, AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, HOG
CHOLERA, AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND
RESTRICTED IMPORTATIONS

Accordingly, we are adopting as a final rule, without change, the
interim rule that amended 9 CFR part 94 and that was published at 67 FR
47243-47244 on July 18, 2002.

Authority: 7 U.S.C. 450, 7711-7714, 7751, 7754, 8303, 8306,
8308, 8310, 8311, and 8315; 21 U.S.C 136 and 136a; 31 U.S.C. 9701;
42 U.S.C. 4331 and 4332; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.

Done in Washington, DC, this 28th day of October, 2002.
Bobby R. Acord,
Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 02-27812 Filed 10-31-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2002_register&docid=02-27812-filed

greetings List members,

MORE OF THE INFAMOUS USA NON-SPECIES CODING SYSTEM.

as long as the exporting country and the importing country
know not what they are exporting (play dumb/stupid), this
non-species coding system allows potential BSE/TSE materials
to be imported and exported freely and legally...

TSS

What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from Israel ?

The U.S. imported no live ruminants or ruminant meat from Israel since 1999. In 1999 a small amount of non-species specific meat and offal was imported and a small amount of fetal bovine serum (FBS) was also imported. FBS is considered to have a relatively low risk of transmitting BSE. Other imports from Israel during the period 1998-2001 included non-species specific preparations used in animal feeds and other non-food products of unspecified animals. For the category "preparations used in animal feeding, NESOI" that was imported into the U.S., it is possible that bovine meat or bovine byproducts could have been included in this category. However, the US Food and Drug Administration prohibits feeding of meat-and-bone meal to ruminants in the U.S.

HS Code

Description

Unit

1998

1999

2000

2001

Feed - non species specific

Total

45,030

48,000

50,649

43,000

2309909500

Preparations Used in Animal Feedings, NESOI

KG

45,030

48,000

50,649

43,000

Meat & offal- non species specific

Total

5

0

0

0

300110

Dried Organs

KG

5

0

0

0

Other animal products - ruminants

Total

24

0

0

0

3002100040

Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS)

KG

24

0

0

0

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from Israel?

A total of 524,401 passengers arrived on direct flights to the U.S. from Israel in fiscal year 2000. This number does not include passengers who arrived in the U.S. from Israel via indirect flights.

Under APHIS-PPQ?s agricultural quarantine inspection monitoring, 284 air passengers from Israel were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2001. Seven of these passengers, or 2 percent, carried a total of 11 kg of meat items that could potentially harbor the pathogen that causes BSE. None of these passengers from whom meat items were confiscated reported plans to visit or work on a ranch or farm during their visit to the U.S.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection data base.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/bse_israel0602.htm

TSS


Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
P.O. Box 42
Bacliff, Texas USA 77518

Docket Management
Docket: 02N-0276 - Bioterrorism Preparedness; Registration of Food Facilities, Section 305
Comment Number: EC -254
Accepted - Volume 11


http://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/DOCKETS/02n0276/02N-0276-EC-254.htm

Comment Submitted
Comment Receipt

Thank you. Your comment on Document ID: APHIS-2007-0033-0001 has been sent.

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