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From: TSS ()
Subject: FDA AFSS Public Meeting Health Consequence Scoring for Contaminants in Animal Feed September 12, 2006
Date: March 14, 2007 at 11:08 am PST


U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Animal Feed Safety System Public Meeting
Health Consequence Scoring for Contaminants in Animal Feed
Held on September 12, 2006 commencing at 9:00 a.m.

snip......

The first round we're including what we're calling the contaminants.

The list of potentially harmful feed contaminants should not be considered to be the definitive list of feed contaminants that pose a significant risk to animal or human health.

Identifying a list of contaminants is simply the first step in a risk assessment process. The last step where we rank hazards by their relative risk will be the one that has significant to the animal feed safety system.

This list was developed in consultation with a limited number of experts and we did not require or ask the experts to provide data to support their choices.

We simply asked them to give us their opinions about what contaminants might be present or were present in animal feeds that could possibly cause a risk to animal or human health.

Some of the items on the list may in fact, and we suspect they will, turn out to pose very low relative risks to animal or human health and maybe risks that eventually the agency decides not to take any further action on.

We may discover that some items that need to be on this list are not yet on it. It's a working list and it's the first step of the risk ranking process.

Some of the agents that are on this list are biological and for some unknown reason we stuck the BSE on there. Agents responsible for some transmissible spongiform encephalopathies and some evidence of CWD.

snip...end

http://www.fda.gov/cvm/AFSS091206Trans.htm

THAT paragraph pretty much sums it up. there oblivious to all TSE risk factors.

>>>Some of the agents that are on this list are biological and for some unknown reason we stuck the BSE on there. Agents responsible for some transmissible spongiform encephalopathies and some evidence of CWD.<<<

''for some unknown reason we stuck BSE on there''

Louping-ill vaccine (scrapie transmission by vaccine)
Subject: Louping-ill vaccine documents from November 23rd, 1946 Date: Sat, 9 Sep 2000 17:44:57 -0700 From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr." ...


http://www.whale.to/v/singeltary.html


8. The Secretary of State has a number of licences. We understand that
the inactivated polio vaccine is no longer being used. There is a stock
of smallpox vaccine. We have not been able to determine the source
material. (Made in sheep very unlikely to contain bovine ingredients).

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/02/14010001.pdf


http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/02/14011001.pdf


although 176 products do _not_ conform to the CSM/VPC
guidelines.

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/09/06011001.pdf

TIP740203/l 0424 CONFIDENTIAL

http://www.mad-cow.org/00/may00_news.html#aaa

TWA LITTLE minute

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/06/10001001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/06/13010001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/06/14006001.pdf

COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/09/06005001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/10/06005001.pdf

NOT FOR PUBLICATION

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/11/01012001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/yb/1988/11/04003001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/04/00007001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/07/00007001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/09/00004001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/10/00003001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/01/04001001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/01/26007001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/01/30001001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/09/06011001.pdf

NON-LICENSED HUMAN TISSUE DEVICES WERE NOT COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE snip... I was quite prepared to believe in unofficial pituitary hormones, also in the 1970's, whether as described by Dr. Little, or in other circumstances, for animal use. snip... The fact that there were jars of pituitaries (or extract) around on shelves is attested by the still potent 1943 pituitaries, described in Stockell Hartree et al. (J/RF/17/291) which had come from the lab. at Mill Hill. Having taken the trouble to collect them, they were not lightly thrown out...

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/ws/s467bx.pdf

more on the 1968 medicine act, they forgot to follow

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/01/30008001.pdf

Draft cover letter to product licence holders (considered by Human and Vet Medicines including deer)

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/02/22008001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1989/02/22011001.pdf

(It was noted with concern that hormone extracts could be manufactured by a veterinary surgeon for administration to animals under his care without any Medicines Act Control.)

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/06/08011001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/06/08011001.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/06/07010001.pdf

TWA LITTLE STATEMENT 331

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/ws/s331.pdf

http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/yb/1988/11/04003001.pdf


http://www.microbes.info/forums/index.php?showtopic=377&view=getlastpost

http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0612&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=21108

http://lists.ifas.ufl.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0611&L=sanet-mg&T=0&P=16159

Docket No. 2003N-0312 Animal Feed Safety System [TSS SUBMISSION]

http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/03n0312/03N-0312_emc-000001.txt

Docket Management Docket: 02N-0273 - Substances Prohibited From Use in

Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed

Comment Number: EC -10

Accepted - Volume 2


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be07.html

PART 2


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/03/Jan03/012403/8004be09.html

Docket No, 04-047-l Regulatory Identification No. (RIN) 091O-AF46 NEW BSE SAFEGUARDS (comment submission)

https://web01.aphis.usda.gov/regpublic.nsf/0/eff9eff1f7c5cf2b87256ecf000df08d?OpenDocument


PAUL BROWN COMMENT TO ME ON THIS ISSUE

Tuesday, September 12, 2006 11:10 AM


"Actually, Terry, I have been critical of the USDA handling of the mad cow issue for some years,
and with Linda Detwiler and others sent lengthy detailed critiques and recommendations to both the
USDA and the Canadian Food Agency."


OR, what the Honorable Phyllis Fong of the OIG found ;


Audit Report

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program – Phase II

and

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Controls Over BSE Sampling, Specified Risk Materials, and Advanced Meat Recovery Products - Phase III

Report No. 50601-10-KC January 2006

Finding 2 Inherent Challenges in Identifying and Testing High-Risk Cattle Still Remain


http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/50601-10-KC.pdf

THE SEVEN SCIENTIST REPORT ***


http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/02n0273/02n-0273-EC244-Attach-1.pdf


Subject: [Docket No. FSIS-2006-0011] FSIS Harvard Risk Assessment of Bovine
Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/2006-0011/2006-0011-1.pdf


[Docket No. 03-025IFA] FSIS Prohibition of the Use of Specified Risk
Materials for Human Food and Requirement for the Disposition of
Non-Ambulatory Disabled Cattle

9/13/2005

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/03-025IFA/03-025IFA-2.pdf


Johanns stressed that the testing program is not a food safety program but rather a way to assess the prevalence of BSE. The key to protecting food safety is removing the specified risk materials (SRM)—cattle parts such as the brain and spinal cord, which are likely to carry the BSE agent if an animal is infected, he said. Removal of SRM from carcasses of cattle older than 30 months has been required since early 2004. ...


http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/other/bse/news/jul2006bse.html

SINCE THE LAST TIME I REPORTED :


Subject: USDA FSIS QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT (BSE) July 1, 2005 through September 30, 2005
Date: March 20, 2006 at 12:58 pm PST


YOU can see that report at the bottom of this update.


UPDATEs AS FOLLOWS ;

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT July 1, 2006 through September 30, 2006


snip...


Table 5. Administrative Actions: Large HACCP Plants (7/01/06 to 9/30/06)

Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Large HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]


CARGILL MEAT SOLUTIONS 00086K M DODGE CITY, KS

On 6/15/06, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


snip...

EXCEL CORP 00086R M FORT MORGAN, CO

On 8/11/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8. On 12/22/04, plant appealed the withholding action. Appeal was denied on 1/25/05.


snip...

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 09268 M PASCO, WA
X
X
On 7/28/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 00245D M EMPORIA, KS
X
X
On 12/23/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 00245L M LEXINGTON, NE
X
X
On 3/10/05, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


snip...


Table 6. Administrative Actions: Small HACCP Plants (7/01/06 to 9/30/06)

Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]


SSOP
HACCP
SPS
INH
INT
Other
LOI
LOW

BOOKER PACKING COMPANY 07162 M BOOKER, TX
6/2/06
6/5/06
X
X
9/19/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

SSOP
HACCP
SPS
INH
INT
Other
LOI
LOW

GULF PACKING COMPANY 00696 M00696 P SAN BENITO, TX
2/25/06
2/26/06
X
X
8/31/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

HI COUNTRY BEEF JERKY 01248 M01248 P LINCOLN, MT
3/24/06
4/14/06
X
X
X
X
8/31/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

NORTHERN PACKING COMPANY INC. 00571 M BRIAR HILL, NY
12/9/05
12/23/05
X
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

WEST MISSOURI BEEF 05821 M ROCKVILLE, MO
3/2/06
3/16/06
4/13/06
4/17/06
X
X
X
8/15/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]


GIBSON PACKING COMPANY 05843 M05843 P SEYMOUR, MO
9/21/06
X
X
X
X
Plant failed to meet regulatory requirements for Escherichia coli Biotype 1 (E. coli). The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

SSOP
HACCP
SPS
INH
INT
Other
LOI
LOW

HORMANN MEAT COMPANY 05544 M05544 P FAIR GROVE, MO
6/15/06
6/22/06
X
X
X
9/26/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

ROCK CREEK SLAUGHTER CO. 09150 M09150 P LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN, GA
3/16/06
4/14/06
6/30/06
7/5/06
X
X
X
X
8/11/06
On 3/16/06, an enforcement action concerning failure to meet regulatory requirements for Escherichia coli Biotype 1 (E.coli) was issued. The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

THEURER'S QUALITY MEATS, INC. 31647 M31647 P LEWISTON, UT
7/25/05
7/29/05
X
X
7/25/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q4_FY2006.pdf

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT April 1, 2006 through June 30, 2006


Table 5. Administrative Actions: Large HACCP Plants (4/01/06 to 6/30/06)


CARGILL MEAT SOLUTIONS 00086K M DODGE CITY, KS
X
X
On 6/15/06, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


snip...

EXCEL CORP 00086R M FORT MORGAN, CO
2/22/05
X
X
On 8/11/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8. On

12/22/04, plant appealed the withholding action. Appeal was denied on 1/25/05.


snip...

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC 00245L M LEXINGTON, NE
X
X
On 3/10/05, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


snip...

SSOP
HACCP
SPS
INH
INT
Other
LOI
LOW

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 09268 M PASCO, WA
X
X
On 7/28/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 00245D M EMPORIA, KS
X
X
On 12/23/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

snip...

Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]


BOOKER PACKING COMPANY 07162 M BOOKER, TX
4/13/06
4/19/06
X
X
Plant failed to meet regulatory requirements for Escherichia coli Biotype 1 (E. coli).

6/2/06
6/5/06
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.

snip...

GULF PACKING COMPANY 00696 M00696 P SAN BENITO, TX
2/25/06
2/26/06
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...


???

3/24/06
4/14/06

X
X
X

The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

NORTHERN PACKING COMPANY INC. 00571 M BRIAR HILL, NY
12/9/05
12/23/05
X
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

WEST MISSOURI BEEF 05821 M ROCKVILLE, MO
3/2/06
3/16/06
4/13/06
4/17/06
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...


C & C MEAT SALES, INC., 18494 M18494 P, DURHAM, NC ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL.


snip...

FRESH FARMS BEEF 18579 M RUTLAND, VT
12/16/05
12/28/05
X
X
X
4/13/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.

FRONTIER FOODS & COLD STORAGE, INC 20741 M20741 P EL PASO, TX
5/31/06
X
X
On 6/8/06, DM closed case by firm’s requested voluntary withdrawal. The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

HORMANN MEAT COMPANY 05544 M05544 P FAIR GROVE, MO
6/15/06
6/22/06
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

RANDALL MEAT COMPANY 10669 M HOT SPRINGS, AR
7/1/05
7/28/05
10/12/05
10/24/05
X
X
X
5/19/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.

ROCK CREEK SLAUGHTER CO. 09150 M09150 P LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN, GA
3/16/06
4/14/06
6/30/06
X
X
X
X
On 3/16/06, an enforcement action concerning failure to meet regulatory requirements for Escherichia coli Biotype 1 (E.coli) was issued. The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...


SAVORY CONNECTION, INC., 31764 M31764 P, SELINGSGROVE, PA. ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL.


snip...


STEAK MASTER, 21159 M21159 P, ELWOOD, NE. ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL.


snip...


THE MEAT SHOP 31561 M BENSON, VT
8/18/05
9/6/05
9/9/05
X
X
X
X
X
4/4/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.

THEURER'S QUALITY MEATS, INC. 31647 M31647 P LEWISTON, UT
7/25/05
7/29/05
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

WALNUT VALLEY PACKING L.L.C. 32007 M32007 P EL DORADO, KS
12/15/05
12/30/05
X
X
X
5/4/06
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q3_FY2006.pdf

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT January 1, 2006 through March 31, 2006


Table 5. Administrative Actions: Large HACCP Plants (1/01/06 to 3/31/06)

CARGILL MEAT SOLUTIONS 00086K M DODGE CITY, KS
X
X
3/13/06
On 10/11/05, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

snip...

EXCEL CORP. 00086R M FORT MORGAN, CO
8/11/04
2/22/05
X
X
On 8/11/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

On 12/22/04, plant appealed the withholding action. Appeal was denied on 1/25/05.


snip...

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 00245L M
3/12/04
3/18/04
X

LEXINGTON, NE

X
X
On 3/10/05, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


snip...

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 09268 M PASCO, WA
X
X
On 7/28/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 00245D M EMPORIA, KS
X
X
On 12/23/04, a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


snip...

Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

GULF PACKING COMPANY, 00696 M00696 P, SAN BENITO, TX, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...


HI COUNTRY BEEF JERKY, 01248 M01248 P, LINCOLN, MT, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...


HITCHIN POST STEAK COMPANY, 20773 M20773 P, KANSAS CITY, KS, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...

NORTHERN PACKING COMPANY INC. 00571 M BRIAR HILL, NY
12/9/05
12/23/05
X
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

ROCK CREEK SLAUGHTER CO., 09150 M09150 P, FAIRBURY, NE, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...

WEST MISSOURI BEEF 05821 M ROCKVILLE, MO
3/2/06
3/16/06
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

Table 7. Administrative Actions: Very Small HACCP Plants (1/01/06 to 3/31/06)


A.J. CEKAK'S MEAT MARKET 21562 M ORD. NE, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL

snip...

ALTA VISTA LOCKER 31931 M ALTA VISTA, KS, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...

C&C MEAT SALES, INC. 18494 M18494 P UPPER MARLBORO, MD
2/27/06
3/16/06
X
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

FRESH FARMS BEEF 18579 M RUTLAND, VT
12/16/05
12/28/05
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

H AND P MEATS 21352 M SOUTH PITTSBURG, TN
7/28/05
8/8/05
8/17/05
8/19/05
X
X
3/6/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

PARADISE LOCKER MEATS 31865 M31865 P TRIMBLE, MO
9/21/05
10/7/05
X
X
1/13/06
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.

PARAGON SPRAY DRYING, L.L.C. 31762 M31762 P WAUKON, IA
9/6/05
9/12/05
X
X
X
2/9/06
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

RANDALL MEAT COMPANY 10669 M HOT SPRINGS, AR
7/1/05
7/28/05
10/12/05
10/24/05
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

SAVORY CONNECTION, INC. 31764 M31764 P SELINGSGROVE, PA
3/14/06
3/31/06
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...


STEAK MASTER, 21159 M21159 P, ELWOOD, NW, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...


TEARS MARKET, 04535 M04535 P, PENN YAN, NY, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...


THE MEAT SHOP, 31561 M BENSON, VT, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...


THEURER'S QUALITY MEATS, INC. 31647 M31647 P, LEWISTON, UT, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...


TOOELE VALLEY MEATS 20594 M20594 P, GRANTSVILLE, UT, ... FAILURE TO COMPLY CONCERNING SRM MATERIAL


snip...

WALNUT VALLEY PACKING L.L.C. 32007 M32007 P EL DORADO, KS
12/15/05
12/30/05
X
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


snip...

WILLIAM. G. MEST PACKING CO. 04431 M STRYKERSVILLE, NY
2/2/06
2/23/06
X
X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material. On 3/21/06, NOIE was modified and

reissued. On 6/29/06, NOIE was

rescinded.

YODER BROTHERS MEAT PROCESSING 17301 M PARIS, TN
10/3/05
10/12/05
X
X
2/23/06
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.

snip...

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q1_FY2006.pdf


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT October 1, 2005 through December 31, 2005

SRM REMOVAL USA


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT October 1, 2005 through December 31, 2005


snip....


CARGILL MEAT SOLUTIONS 00086K M DODGE CITY, KS X X On 10/11/05, a
withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System
product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


EXCEL CORP 00086R M FORT MORGAN, CO 2/22/05 X X On 8/11/04, a withholding
action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken
in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8. On 12/22/04, plant appealed the
withholding action. Appeal was denied on 1/25/05.


00245L M LEXINGTON, NE 3/12/04 3/18/04 X 5/4/05 X X On 3/10/05, a
withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System
product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

9/16/05 9/29/05 X X TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. 09268 M PASCO, WA X X On 7/28/04,
a withholding action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System
product was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.

TYSON FRESH MEATS INC. X X 00245D M EMPORIA, KS On 12/23/04, a withholding
action concerning labels for Advanced Meat Recovery System product was taken
in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.8.


DESERET MEAT 04852 M SPANISH FORK, UT 7/20/05 8/1/05 X X 12/29/05 The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


NORTHERN PACKING COMPANY INC. 00571 M BRIAR HILL, NY 12/9/05 12/23/05 X X X
X The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment
to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


A.J. CEKAK'S MEAT MARKET 9/1/05 9/20/05 X X X On 9/1/05, an enforcement
action
21562 M
concerning failure to meet regulatory ORD, NE requirements for Escherichia
coli Biotype 1 (E. coli) was taken. The enforcement action included, as a
basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency requirements
concerning specified risk material.


ALTA VISTA LOCKER
10/5/05 10/26/05 X X The enforcement action included, as a 31931 M basis,
failure of the establishment toALTA VISTA, KS comply with Agency
requirements
concerning specified risk material.


BROWN'S PROCESSING 13100 M13100 P ELSBERRY, MO 8/8/05 8/16/05 X X X 11/16/05
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


CHAMPLAIN BEEF INC 2/28/05 3/4/05 3/8/05 X X X
08547 M
WHITEHALL, NY
10/17/05 X X X The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the
establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk
material.


FIVE STAR PACK INC. 9/1/05 9/9/05 X X 12/29/05 On 9/1/05, an enforcement
action
08725 M08725 P
concerning failure to meet regulatory GOLDEN CITY, MO requirements for
Escherichia coli Biotype 1 (E. coli) was taken. The enforcement action
included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to comply with Agency
requirements concerning specified risk material. FRESH FARMS BEEF 12/16/05
12/28/05 X X X The enforcement action included, as a 18579 M basis, failure
of the establishment toRUTLAND, VT comply with Agency requirements
concerning specified risk material.


GOETZ AND SONS WESTERN 11/15/05 11/23/05 12/1/05 X X
MEATS INC
06245 M06245 P
EVERETT, WA
12/17/05 12/28/05 X X X On 12/17/05, firm violated a regulatory control
action by selling U.S.D.A retained product.


H AND P MEATS 21352 M SOUTH PITTSBURG, TN 7/28/05 8/8/05 8/17/05 8/19/05 X X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


HOPKINS PACKING COMPANY 11069 M BLACKFOOT, ID 7/28/05 8/1/05 X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


NORTHWEST PREMIUM MEATS LLC 11032 M11032 P NAMPA, ID 7/26/05 7/29/05 X X
11/15/05 The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the
establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk
material.


PARADISE LOCKER MEATS 31865 M31865 P TRIMBLE, MO 9/21/05 10/7/05 X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material. PARAGON
SPRAY DRYING, LLC 31762 M31762 P WAUKON, IA 9/6/05 9/12/05 X X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


RANDALL MEAT COMPANY 10669 M HOT SPRINGS, AR 7/1/05 7/28/05 10/12/05
10/24/05 X X X The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the
establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk
material.


S & S MEAT COMPANY 01046 M01046 P KANSAS CITY, MO 8/4/05 8/19/05 X X
11/16/05 The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the
establishment to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk
material.


STEAK MASTER 21159 M21159 P ELWOOD, NE 11/4/05 11/17/05 X X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


THE MEAT SHOP 31561 M BENSON, VT 8/18/05 9/6/05 9/9/05 X X X X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


THEURER'S QUALITY MEATS, INC 31647 M31647 P LEWISTON, UT 7/27/05 7/29/05 X X
The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


TOOELE VALLEY MEATS 20594 M20594 P GRANTSVILLE, UT 7/25/05 8/1/05 X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


WALNUT VALLEY PACKING LLC 32007 M32007 P EL DORADO, KS 12/15/05 12/30/05 X X
X The enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment
to comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


YODER BROTHERS MEAT PROCESSING 17301 M PARIS, TN 10/3/05 10/12/05 X X The
enforcement action included, as a basis, failure of the establishment to
comply with Agency requirements concerning specified risk material.


full text 54 pages ;


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q1_FY2006.pdf


Subject: USDA FSIS QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT (BSE) July 1, 2005 through September 30, 2005
Date: March 20, 2006 at 12:58 pm PST


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE QUARTERLY ENFORCEMENT REPORT July 1, 2005 through September 30, 2005


snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


DESERET MEAT 04852 M SPANISH FORK, UT
07/27/05
08/01/05
X
X
On 7/27/05, a suspension action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3.

snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


MONTEBELLO MEAT PROCESSING, INC 19075 M19075 P MANATI, PR
08/01/05
08/18/05
X
X
X
09/26/05
On 8/1/05, an enforcement action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.

snip...

Table 7. Administrative Actions: Very Small HACCP Plants (7/01/05 to 9/30/05)


snip...


A.J. CEKAK'S MEAT MARKET 09/01/05 09/20/05 On 9/1/05, an enforcement action

21562 M

concerning failure to meet regulatory ORD, NE requirements for Escherichia coli X X X Biotype 1 (E. coli) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy/Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.


snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


BROWN'S PROCESSING 13100 M13100 P ELSBERRY, MO
08/08/05
08/16/05
X
X
X
On 8/8/05, an enforcement action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.

snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


FIVE STAR PACK INC. 08725 M08725 P GOLDEN CITY, MO 09/01/05 09/09/05 X X On 9/1/05, an enforcement action concerning failure to meet regulatory requirements for Escherichia coli Biotype 1 (E. coli) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy/Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.


snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


H AND P MEATS 21352 M SOUTH PITTSBURG, TN 07/28/05 08/08/05 08/17/05 08/19/05 X X On 8/17/05, a suspension action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3.


snip...


HOPKINS PACKING COMPANY 11069 M BLACKFOOT, ID
07/28/05
08/01/05
X
X
On 7/28/05, a suspension action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3.

snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


NORTHWEST PREMIUM MEATS LLC 11032 M11032 P NAMPA, ID 07/26/05 07/29/05 X X On 7/26/05, a suspension action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3.


snip...


PARADISE LOCKER MEATS 31865 M31865 P TRIMBLE, MO
09/21/05
X
X
On 9/21/05, an enforcement action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.

PARAGON SPRAY DRYING, LLC 31792 M31792 P WAUKON, IA
09/06/05
09/12/05
X
X
X
On 9/6/05, an enforcement action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.

snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]

snip...


RANDALL MEAT COMPANY 10669 M HOT SPRINGS, AR
07/01/05
07/28/05
X
X
X
On 7/1/05, an enforcement action concerning Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.

snip...


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]


snip...


08/04/05

08/19/05

On 8/4/05,

an enforcement action 01046 M01046 P concerning Bovine SpongiformKANSAS CITY, MO X X Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.4.


Administrative Actions Pending or Taken at Very Small HACCP Plants [includes actions initiated in prior quarters]


snip...


THE MEAT SHOP 08/18/05 09/06/05

09/09/05

On 9/6/05, a suspension action 31561 M concerning Bovine SpongiformBENSON, VT Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3. XX X X X


THEURER'S QUALITY MEATS, 07/27/05 07/29/05

On 7/27/05, a suspension action INC concerning Bovine Spongiform31647 M31647 P Encephalopathy and Specified Risk X X

LEWISTON, UT Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3.


TOOELE VALLEY MEATS 07/25/05 08/01/05

On 7/25/05, a suspension action 20594 M20594 Pconcerning Bovine Spongiform

GRANTSVILLE, UT X X Encephalopathy and Specified Risk Material was taken in accordance with 9 CFR Part 500.3.


snip...


52 pages

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q4_FY2005.pdf


PREVIOUS


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q3_FY2005.pdf


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q2_FY2005.pdf


http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/QER_Q1_FY2005.pdf


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL 25 TONS IN COMMERCE Dairy cattle feed blends ProLak and/or ProAmino II protein concentrate
Date: March 1, 2007 at 8:57 am PST

PRODUCT
Dairy cattle feed blends containing ProLak and/or ProAmino II protein concentrate, Recall # V-020-2007
CODE
All finished product manufactured from April, 3, 2006 to April 30, 2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Eatonton Co-Op Feed Company, Eatonton, GA, by letter on/about December 12, 2006. Firm initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Finished feed product was manufactured from raw feed material that may have been contaminated with ruminant derived protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
25 tons
DISTRIBUTION
GA


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR FEBRUARY 28, 2007

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2007/ENF00993.html


Suppressed peer review of Harvard study October 31, 2002.

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/oa/topics/BSE_Peer_Review.pdf


Subject: MAD COW FDA FEED WARNING LETTER NO. 2007-NOL-01 October 26, 2006 H.J. Baker & Bro., Inc.
Date: November 7, 2006 at 9:08 am PST
Food and Drug Administration

New Orleans District

404 BNA Drive, Building 200, Suite 500

Nashville, TN 37217

Telephone: 615-366-7801

Facsimile: 615-366-7802

October 26, 2006

WARNING LETTER NO. 2007-NOL-01

FEDERAL EXPRESS

OVERNIGHT DELIVERY

Mr. Christopher V. B. Smith

Corporate President, CEO

H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc.

228 Saugatuck Avenue

Westport, Connecticut 06880

Dear Mr. Smith:

On June 6, 8, 12-15, and 23, 2006, a U.S . Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigator inspected

your animal feed protein supplement manufacturing facility, located at 603 Railroad Avenue,

Albertville, Alabama. The inspection revealed significant deviations from the requirements set forth in

Title 21, Code ofFederal Regulations, Part 589.2000 (21 CFR 589.2000), Animal Proteins Prohibited in

Ruminant Feed. This regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and amplification of Bovine

Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). You failed to follow the requirements of this regulation, resulting

in products being manufactured and distributed by your facility because they are adulterated within the

meaning of Section 402(a)(4) [21 USC 342(a)(4)] of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the

Act) and misbranded within the meaning of Section 403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the Act.

Our investigation determined adulteration resulted from the failure of your firm to establish and

implement measures sufficient to prevent commingling or cross-contamination . The adulterated feed

was subsequently misbranded because it was not properly labeled. Specifically, we found :

" Your firm failed to establish and use cleanout procedures or other means to prevent carry-over of

products which contain or may contain protein derived from mammalian tissues into animal protein

or feeds which may be used for ruminants, as required by 21 CFR 589.2000(e)(1)(iii)(B) .

Specifically, you failed to establish and use such measures for a screw auger installed in February

2005 . This auger is used to convey both prohibited and non-prohibited material to bulk storage bins.

In addition, you failed to follow the cleanout procedure your firm had developed for the receiving

systems. Your feed is, therefore, adulterated under Section 402(a)(4) [21 USC 342(a)(4)] of the Act.

" You failed to label all products which contained or may have contained prohibited materials with the

BSE cautionary statement, "Do not feed to cattle or other ruminants," as required by 21 CFR

589.2000(e)(1)(i) . Such products are misbranded under Section 403(3) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the

Act. These misbranded products include the three Pro-Pak products mentioned below, as well as

Page 2 - H. J . Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, Alabama Warning Letter No. 2007-NOL-O 1

those bulk loads of individual feed ingredients processed through this common screw auger and

distributed between the time it was installed in February 2005, and June 9, 2006 .

This letter is not intended to serve as an all-inclusive list of violations at your facility. As a

manufacturer of materials intended for animal feed use, you are responsible for ensuring your overall

operation and the products you manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take prompt action to correct these violations, and you should establish a system whereby violations do not recur. Failure to promptly correct these violations may result in regulatory action, such as seizure and/or injunction, without further notice.

We acknowledge your June 16, 2006, voluntary recall of three products you manufactured from

February 2005 to June 2006. The three products recalled were: Pro-Lak Protein Concentrate for

Lactating Dairy Animals; Pro-Amino II for PreFresh and Lactating Cows; and, Pro-Pak Marine & Animal Protein Concentrate for Use in Animal Feed. Recall effectiveness checks and other measures

will determine the merit of this recall . We recognize you now label all products with the required BSE

cautionary statement and we also acknowledge your intent, given verbally to New Orleans District

management of the FDA, to discontinue the production of supplements which do not contain prohibited

materials. In your written response to this letter, please confirm in writing you have taken these steps.

You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receiving this letter, outlining the specific steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law, including the steps we acknowledge above and any additional steps you have taken. Your response should include an

explanation of each step taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the reason for the delay and the date by which the corrections will be completed. Include copies of any available documentation demonstrating corrections have been made.

Your reply should be directed to Kari L. Batey, Compliance Officer, at the address above. If you have

questions regarding any issue in this letter, please contact Ms. Batey at (615) 366-7808.

Sincerely,

,

Carol S . Sanchez

Acting District Director

New Orleans District

Enclosure: Form FDA 483

cc: Craig R. Waterhouse

Plant Manager

H.J. Baker & Bros., Inc.

603 Railroad Avenue

Albertville, Alabama 35951-3419


http://www.fda.gov/foi/warning_letters/g6104d.pdf


TSS


MORE 2006 FEED BAN VIOLATIONS BELOW, ''IN COMMERCE'' ;


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL USA SEPT 6, 2006 1961.72 TONS IN COMMERCE AL,
TN, AND WV
Date: September 6, 2006 at 7:58 am PST

PRODUCT
a) EVSRC Custom dairy feed, Recall # V-130-6;
b) Performance Chick Starter, Recall # V-131-6;
c) Performance Quail Grower, Recall # V-132-6;
d) Performance Pheasant Finisher, Recall # V-133-6.
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Donaldson & Hasenbein/dba J&R Feed Service, Inc., Cullman, AL, by telephone
on June 23, 2006 and by letter dated July 19, 2006. Firm initiated recall is
complete.
REASON
Dairy and poultry feeds were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
477.72 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL
______________________________
PRODUCT
a) Dairy feed, custom, Recall # V-134-6;
b) Custom Dairy Feed with Monensin, Recall # V-135-6.
CODE
None. Bulk product
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Recalling Firm: Burkmann Feed, Greeneville, TN, by Telephone beginning on
June 28, 2006.
Manufacturer: H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL. Firm initiated
recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy feeds with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
1,484 tons
DISTRIBUTION
TN and WV


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00968.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALLS ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006 KY, LA,
MS, AL, GA, AND TN 11,000+ TONS
Date: August 16, 2006 at 9:19 am PST

RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE - CLASS II
______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-115-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Hiseville Feed & Seed Co., Hiseville, KY, by telephone and letter on or
about July 14, 2006. FDA initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
Approximately 2,223 tons
DISTRIBUTION
KY

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-116-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Rips Farm Center, Tollesboro, KY, by telephone and letter on July 14, 2006.
FDA initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
1,220 tons
DISTRIBUTION
KY

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-117-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Kentwood Co-op, Kentwood, LA, by telephone on June 27, 2006. FDA initiated
recall is completed.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feed ingredients, including ingredients
that are used in feed for dairy animals, with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
40 tons
DISTRIBUTION
LA and MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk Dairy Feed, Recall V-118-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Cal Maine Foods, Inc., Edwards, MS, by telephone on June 26, 2006. FDA
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feed ingredients, including ingredients
that are used in feed for dairy animals, with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
7,150 tons
DISTRIBUTION
MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes, Recall # V-119-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Walthall County Co-op, Tylertown, MS, by telephone on June 26, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and
bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
87 tons
DISTRIBUTION
MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes, Recall # V-120-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Ware Milling Inc., Houston, MS, by telephone on June 23, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and
bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
350 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL and MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
a) Tucker Milling, LLC Tm 32% Sinking Fish Grower, #2680-Pellet,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-121-6;
b) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder Pellet,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-122-6;
c) Tucker Milling, LLC #31232 Game Bird Grower,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-123-6;
d) Tucker Milling, LLC 31227-Crumble, Game Bird Starter, BMD
Medicated, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-124-6;
e) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder, 50 lb bags,
Recall # V-125-6;
f) Tucker Milling, LLC #30230, 30 % Turkey Starter, 50 lb bags,
Recall # V-126-6;
g) Tucker Milling, LLC #30116, TM Broiler Finisher,
50 lb bags, Recall # V-127-6
CODE
All products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/20/2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Recalling Firm: Tucker Milling LLC, Guntersville, AL, by telephone and visit
on June 20, 2006, and by letter on June 23, 2006.
Manufacturer: H. J. Baker and Brothers Inc., Stamford, CT. Firm initiated
recall is ongoing.
REASON
Poultry and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein were not labeled as "Do not feed to ruminants".
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
7,541-50 lb bags
DISTRIBUTION
AL, GA, MS, and TN

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ENFORCE/2006/ENF00964.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL MI MAMMALIAN PROTEIN VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN
COMMERCE 27,694,240 lbs
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:14 pm PST
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy feds manufactured from concentrates, Recall # V-113-6
CODE
All dairy feeds produced between 2/1/05 and 6/16/06 and containing H. J.
Baker recalled feed products.
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Vita Plus Corp., Gagetown, MI, by visit beginning on June 21, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
The feed was manufactured from materials that may have been contaminated
with mammalian protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
27,694,240 lbs
DISTRIBUTION
MI


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL AL AND FL VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 125
TONS Products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:16 pm PST
PRODUCT
a) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish, Recall # V-100-6;
b) Performance Sheep Pell W/Decox/A/N, medicated,
net wt. 50 lbs, Recall # V-101-6;
c) Pro 40% Swine Conc Meal -- 50 lb, Recall # V-102-6;
d) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish Food Medicated,
Recall # V-103-6;
e) "Big Jim's" BBB Deer Ration, Big Buck Blend,
Recall # V-104-6;
f) CO-OP 40% Hog Supplement Medicated Pelleted,
Tylosin 100 grams/ton, 50 lb. bag, Recall # V-105-6;
g) Pig Starter Pell II, 18% W/MCDX Medicated 282020,
Carbadox -- 0.0055%, Recall # V-106-6;
h) CO-OP STARTER-GROWER CRUMBLES, Complete
Feed for Chickens from Hatch to 20 Weeks, Medicated,
Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate, 25 and 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-107-6;
i) CO-OP LAYING PELLETS, Complete Feed for Laying
Chickens, Recall # 108-6;
j) CO-OP LAYING CRUMBLES, Recall # V-109-6;
k) CO-OP QUAIL FLIGHT CONDITIONER MEDICATED,
net wt 50 Lbs, Recall # V-110-6;
l) CO-OP QUAIL STARTER MEDICATED, Net Wt. 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-111-6;
m) CO-OP QUAIL GROWER MEDICATED, 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-112-6
CODE
Product manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Alabama Farmers Cooperative, Inc., Decatur, AL, by telephone, fax, email and
visit on June 9, 2006. FDA initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Animal and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein not labeled as "Do not feed to ruminants".
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
125 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL and FL


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL KY VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE ?????
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:19 pm PST
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-114-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Burkmann Feeds LLC, Glasgow, KY, by letter on July 14, 2006. Firm initiated
recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak, which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
?????
DISTRIBUTION
KY
END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


CJD WATCH MESSAGE BOARD
TSS
MAD COW FEED RECALL USA EQUALS 10,878.06 TONS NATIONWIDE
Sun Jul 16, 2006 09:22
71.248.128.67


RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE -- CLASS II
______________________________
PRODUCT
a) PRO-LAK, bulk weight, Protein Concentrate for Lactating Dairy Animals,
Recall # V-079-6;
b) ProAmino II, FOR PREFRESH AND LACTATING COWS, net weight 50lb (22.6 kg),
Recall # V-080-6;
c) PRO-PAK, MARINE & ANIMAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATE FOR USE IN ANIMAL
FEED, Recall # V-081-6;
d) Feather Meal, Recall # V-082-6
CODE
a) Bulk
b) None
c) Bulk
d) Bulk
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL, by telephone on June 15, 2006 and
by press release on June 16, 2006. Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feeds with ruminent derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
10,878.06 tons
DISTRIBUTION
Nationwide

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR July 12, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00960.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED BAN WARNING LETTER ISSUED MAY 17, 2006
Date: June 27, 2006 at 7:42 am PST
Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration

New Orleans District
297 Plus Park Blvd.
Nashville, TN 37217

Telephone: 615-781-5380
Fax: 615-781-5391


May 17, 2006

WARNING LETTER NO. 2006-NOL-06

FEDERAL EXPRESS
OVERNIGHT DELIVERY

Mr. William Shirley, Jr., Owner
Louisiana.DBA Riegel By-Products
2621 State Street
Dallas, Texas 75204

Dear Mr. Shirley:

On February 12, 17, 21, and 22, 2006, a U.S. Food & Drug Administration
(FDA) investigator inspected your rendering plant, located at 509 Fortson
Street, Shreveport, Louisiana. The inspection revealed significant
deviations from the requirements set forth in Title 21, Code of Federal
Regulations, Part 589.2000 [21 CFR 589.2000], Animal Proteins Prohibited in
Ruminant Feed. This regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and
amplification of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). You failed to
follow the requirements of this regulation; products being manufactured and
distributed by your facility are misbranded within the meaning of Section
403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
(the Act).

Our investigation found you failed to provide measures, including sufficient
written procedures, to prevent commingling or cross-contamination and to
maintain sufficient written procedures [21 CFR 589.2000(e)] because:

You failed to use clean-out procedures or other means adequate to prevent
carryover of protein derived from mammalian tissues into animal protein or
feeds which may be used for ruminants. For example, your facility uses the
same equipment to process mammalian and poultry tissues. However, you use
only hot water to clean the cookers between processing tissues from each
species. You do not clean the auger, hammer mill, grinder, and spouts after
processing mammalian tissues.

You failed to maintain written procedures specifying the clean-out
procedures or other means to prevent carryover of protein derived from
mammalian tissues into feeds which may be used for ruminants.

As a result . the poultry meal you manufacture may contain protein derived
from mammalian tissues prohibited in ruminant feed. Pursuant to 21 CFR
589.2000(e)(1)(i), any products containing or may contain protein derived
from mammalian tissues must be labeled, "Do not feed to cattle or other
ruminants." Since you failed to label a product which may contain protein
derived from mammalian tissues with the required cautionary statement. the
poultry meal is misbranded under Section 403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the
Act.

This letter is not intended as an all-inclusive list of violations at your
facility. As a manufacturer of materials intended for animal feed use, you
are responsible for ensuring your overall operation and the products you
manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take
prompt action to correct these violations, and you should establish a system
whereby violations do not recur. Failure to promptly correct these
violations may result in regulatory action, such as seizure and/or
injunction, without further notice.

You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receiving
this letter, outlining the specific steps you have taken to bring your firm
into compliance with the law. Your response should include an explanation of
each step taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If
corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the
reason for the delay and the date by which the corrections will be
completed. Include copies of any available documentation demonstrating
corrections have been made.

Your reply should be directed to Mark W. Rivero, Compliance Officer, U.S.
Food and Drug Administration, 2424 Edenborn Avenue, Suite 410, Metairie,
Louisiana 70001. If you have questions regarding any issue in this letter,
please contact Mr. Rivero at (504) 219-8818, extension 103.

Sincerely,

/S

Carol S. Sanchez
Acting District Director
New Orleans District


http://www.fda.gov/foi/warning_letters/g5883d.htm


there seem to be enforcement reports for;

http://www.fda.gov/ora/about/enf_story/archive/2001/default.htm

http://www.fda.gov/ora/about/enf_story/archive/2002/default.htm

http://www.fda.gov/ora/about/enf_story/archive/2003/default.htm

2001 Purina

RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETMED -- CLASS II


RECALL NO.ID NO.PRODUCT

V-033-1 1186 OMOLENE #300
V-034-1 4987 PURINA HORSE PELLET 14
V-035-1 27690 CATTLE COMPLETE #4
V-036-1 10602 HORSEMAN'S EDGE 12 COARSE
V-037-1 5541 GRAIN LND CRS CRKD CRM
V-038-1 1194 HORSE CHOW #100
V-039-1 27313 SHOWCHOW LEAN 50 L160
V-040-1 1199 HORSE CHARGE
V-041-1 6214 CALF STARTER (COARSE) OTC 6
V-042-1 1384 GAME FLIGHT CONDÖÖ--
V-043-1 14971 PREPARE COMP II 18%
V-044-1 28493 CU BRND A/L PLT PK
V-045-1 1381 GAME BIRD STARTENA W/O ETTS
V-046-1 27459 LN GN ST S2 CPSTZ
V-047-1 7375 SHOW CHOW PREMIUM DEV DTC 7
V-048-1 28394 CU 1 CATTLE HOLDING
V-049-1 28383 RANGE CAKE 20.SM CKR
V-050-1 1505 START & GROW W/O ETTS
V-051-1 39335 ACCURATION CTL DEV-
V-052-1 28515 CU CAKE CUBE N
V-053-1 38056 COMM CATTLE ST CTC140
V-054-1 37883 RANGE CAKE 20N 5/32
V-055-1 36668 CATTLE GROWER 32 RM 175
V-056-1 28450 WILD TURKEY CON MP.025%
V-057-1 28443 PURINA ELK CHECKERS 20%
V-058-1 28452 BB SCRATCH GRAIN
V-059-1 39356 ACCURATION CTL COND.
V-060-1 39747 NATURAL BEEF BUILDER COARSE
V-061-1 26753 HORSEMAN'S EDGE PELLET 14%
V-062-1 1506 START & GROW MP 0.0125% 50#
V-063-1 1386 GAMEBIRD BRDR LAYENa ETTS
V-064-1 27917 SWEET GRAIN MIX 9
V-065-1 19283 COMM CATTLE ST CTSM
V-066-1 27310 SHWCHPIG G17-XL L160
V-067-1 18346 COMP SOW OVAL
V-068-1 28255 HOG FINISHER LND W/O
V-069-1 27140 CALF GROWENA 16% BVT 60
V-070-1 27460 SH CH PIG ST20-XL L140
V-071-1 28103 MAZ OSTRICH BREEDER
V-072-1 5540 GRAIN LAND WHOLE CORN
V-073-1 1195 HORSE CHOW #200
V-074-1 28340 LAMB SHOW RATION CTC50
V-075-1 43289 OMOLENE #300 GROWTH
V-076-1 28387 FORAGE BALANCER 20N 3/8
V-077-1 43771 HFC SHOW PIG 20% T 100
V-078-1 28863 CS ACU-MN VEG PS#1, 2 RM300
V-079-1 28555 CU STANDRIDGE GRW RM700
V-080-1 43660 HF&C SHOW CHOW PIG STR W/O
V-081-1 38255 PHEASANT FLIGHT COND HM BMD50
V-082-1 37504 COMM TX CATTLE STR CTSM 77.7
V-083-1 28451 BB WHOLE MILO
V-084-1 28448 WILD TU COND. MP-BMD
V-085-1 28441 HI-PRO DEER CHECKERS
V-086-1 43661 HF&C SHOW CHOW PIG STR T100
V-087-1 39357 HI-ENERGY BEEF CKR
V-088-1 40849 NATURAL BEEF BREEDER
V-089-1 16647 PHEAS FLIGHT COND BMD 50
V-090-1 1822 EQUINE ADULT
V-091-1 16645 PHEASANT FLIGHT COND W/O
V-092-1 11040 ACCU CONCENTRATE
V-093-1 9798 CATTLE FINISHER 40 W/O..
V-094-1 23778 ACCU - CREEP
V-095-1 19353 CATTLE FIN 40 RM1200
V-096-1 19293 LAMB SHOW GRO/FIN CRS
V-097-1 26720 SW DROUGHT CUBE
V-098-1 6912 PURINA ELK CHECKERS 20% 5/32
V-099-1 24566 FOR BAL ML4 1:3 CTC70
V-100-1 28310 SOUTHWEST 14N BVT 80
V-101-1 28304 SOUTHWEST 12N HI - F
V-102-1 28296 SOUTHWEST 14 N CTC28
V-103-1 44627 SHOW CH PIG ST/GR L1 200
V-104-1 28332 SOUTHWEST 12N RM 25
V-105-1 27357 FORAGE BALANCER 20M 3/4
V-106-1 28292 SOUTHWEST 14N 3/8"
V-107-1 28291 SOUTHWEST 14N 1/4"
V-108-1 25035 STABLE STAR SWEET 12
V-109-1 9803 RABBIT COMP BLEND 50 %
V-110-1 27923 STABLE STAR SWEET GRAIN 9
V-111-1 5639 LAYENA CRUMBLES LG ETT
V-112-1 1185 OMOLENE #200
V-113-1 1209 EQUINE SENIOR
V-114-1 27354 RANGE CAKE 20 3/4
V-115-1 9732 SHOW CHOW PREMIUM GLD FN CTC7
V-116-1 28293 SW 14N 3/4" W/O
V-117-1 27312 LEAN GEN 110 L140
V-118-1 4701 PRE - COND - REC CHOW DO .0025%
V-119-1 28021 FEEDLOT 40 W/O MEAL
V-120-1 11415 WHOLE CORN
V-121-1 16283 ACCU CONCENTRATE RM150
V-122-1 19383 ACCU - CHICKEN BLEND GSÖ
V-123-1 17632 STOCKYARDS CHOW
V-124-1 24544 FORAGE BAL ML 4 1:3
V-125-1 25064 MAZ OSTRICH GR/MAINT
V-126-1 24745 WILD TU STARTER MP - BMD
V-127-1 28106 HI - PRO DEER CHRS - WC
V-128-1 28308 SOUTHWEST 38N
V-129-1 28299 BB STEER RATION
V-130-1 28311 SOUTHWEST 38N RM 200
V-131-1 28338 SOUTHWEST 14N BVT 60
V-132-1 27352 RANGE CAKE 20N 3/4
V-133-1 4998 STRATEGY - GX
V-134-1 1102 PRECONDITION/RECEIVING CTSM 1/4
V-135-1 28405 STABLE STAR SWEET GRAIN 14
V-136-1 1206 EQUINE JUNIOR
V-137-1 28348 CATTLE COMPLETE #3ÖÖ
V-138-1 1184 OMOLENE #100
V-139-1 5628 LAYENA PELLETS
V-140-1 28376 RANGE CAKE 20N 3/8"
V-141-1 388 COMPLETE SOW III W/O
V-142-1 5887 SHOW CHOW LAMB G/F CRSE CTC50
V-143-1 10603 HORSEMAN'S EDGE 14% COARSE
V-144-1 1403 GOAT CHOW
V-145-1 1560 SCRATCH GRAINS
V-146-1 19319 HORSE & MULE
V-147-1 28245 HOG GROWER OTC50
V-148-1 28321 SOUTHWEST 14N DO.0037%
V-149-1 28236 LN GN STR S1 CPSTZ - 250
V-150-1 28207 PREP PLUS COMP HL 18
V-151-1 28240 SHOW CHOW PIG ST.20-XL
V-152-1 28290 SOUTHWEST 14N 5/32"
V-153-1 1480 MAZURI EMU STARTER
V-154-1 1189 PURE PRIDE #200
V-155-1 1508 MEATBUILDER MP 0.0125%
V-156-1 27921 SWEET GRAIN MIX 12
V-157-1 26671 GOLDEN MILK B16
V-158-1 28397 B.B. HORSE & MULE
V-159-1 28456 BB WHOLE OATS
V-160-1 1371 ADV- NUT PROF FORM RABBIT
V-161-1 40996 MAZURI PRIMATE MAINTENANCE BISCUIT
V-162-1 43288 OMOLENE #200 PERFORMANCE
V-163-1 28601 HORSEMAN'S EDGE 14%
V-164-1 28612 BEEF PROMIX#100 CTSM
V-165-1 28419 SOUTHWEST 12N RM 150
V-166-1 28371 GRASS STR 16 NÖÖÖ.
V-167-1 28361 CTL LIM RTN #4 RM110
V-168-1 28360 CTLE LIM RTN #3 RM70
V-169-1 27326 PUR-LYX 21
V-170-1 672 HOG CHOW 40 MEAL
V-171-1 28287 COMM CATTLE ST W/O
V-172-1 28322 CS SW 14 N, TRM
V-173-1 28239 MEAL
V-174-1 28235 PIG STARTENA - 61900
V-175-1 1488 MAZ EMU MAINTENANCE
V-176-1 1165 ACCURATION 2 HL MEAL
V-177-1 1461 GRAIN LAND WHOLE OATS
V-178-1 28241 SHOW CHOW PIG GROW-17-XL
V-179-1 1493 PURINA OSTRIGRO COMPLETE
V-180-1 28246 PIG STARTENA CP-STZ
V-181-1 1190 PURE PRIDE #300
V-182-1 26957 CTLE LIM RAT #1 RM40
V-183-1 26860 COM CALF S/G CRS BVT60
V-184-1 27325 COMM CATTLE ST DO
V-185-1 12837 CATTLE FINISHER 50 W/O..
V-186-1 43287 OMOLENE #100 PLEASURE
V-187-1 43770 HFC SHOW PIG 20%
V-188-1 28615 SOUTHWEST 12N
V-189-1 28616 SOUTHWEST 12N
V-190-1 28408 BEEF PRO MIX 50
V-191-1 28363 CTLE LIM TRN #5 RM180
V-192-1 43337 HF&C SHOW CHOW PIG STR CDX 50
V-193-1 28372 FRG BAL ML4 1:3 CTC750
CODE:
70YY-99, 69YY-99.
MANUFACTURER:
Purina Mills, Oklahoma City, OK 73106.
RECALLED BY:
The manufacturer initiated the recall by letter dated 2/16/01 flagged
"URGENT RECALL" to all direct accounts. Firm-initiated recall ongoing.
DISTRIBUTION:
OK, AR, KA.
QUANTITY:
161 Units.
REASON:
The products have missing or incomplete labeling; items lacking include
statement of ingredients, lot number, place of manufacture, percent fat &
protein, etc. Most products are bagged into bags with a pre-printed unique
product name, less than 5% are not.

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR MAY 23, 2001.

####
http://69.20.19.211/bbs/topics/ENFORCE/2001/ENF00694.html


WE know now, and we knew decades ago, that 5.5 grams of suspect feed in TEXAS was enough to kill 100 cows.


look at the table and you'll see that as little as 1 mg (or 0.001 gm) caused 7% (1 of 14) of the cows to come down with BSE;


Risk of oral infection with bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent in primates

Corinne Ida Lasmézas, Emmanuel Comoy, Stephen Hawkins, Christian Herzog, Franck Mouthon, Timm Konold, Frédéric Auvré, Evelyne Correia, Nathalie Lescoutra-Etchegaray, Nicole Salès, Gerald Wells, Paul Brown, Jean-Philippe Deslys
Summary The uncertain extent of human exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)--which can lead to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD)--is compounded by incomplete knowledge about the efficiency of oral infection and the magnitude of any bovine-to-human biological barrier to transmission. We therefore investigated oral transmission of BSE to non-human primates. We gave two macaques a 5 g oral dose of brain homogenate from a BSE-infected cow. One macaque developed vCJD-like neurological disease 60 months after exposure, whereas the other remained free of disease at 76 months. On the basis of these findings and data from other studies, we made a preliminary estimate of the food exposure risk for man, which provides additional assurance that existing public health measures can prevent transmission of BSE to man.


snip...


BSE bovine brain inoculum

100 g 10 g 5 g 1 g 100 mg 10 mg 1 mg 0·1 mg 0·01 mg

Primate (oral route)* 1/2 (50%)

Cattle (oral route)* 10/10 (100%) 7/9 (78%) 7/10 (70%) 3/15 (20%) 1/15 (7%) 1/15 (7%)

RIII mice (ic ip route)* 17/18 (94%) 15/17 (88%) 1/14 (7%)

PrPres biochemical detection

The comparison is made on the basis of calibration of the bovine inoculum used in our study with primates against a bovine brain inoculum with a similar PrPres concentration that was

inoculated into mice and cattle.8 *Data are number of animals positive/number of animals surviving at the time of clinical onset of disease in the first positive animal (%). The accuracy of

bioassays is generally judged to be about plus or minus 1 log. ic ip=intracerebral and intraperitoneal.

Table 1: Comparison of transmission rates in primates and cattle infected orally with similar BSE brain inocula


Published online January 27, 2005

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/journal.isa


It is clear that the designing scientists must

also have shared Mr Bradley’s surprise at the results because all the dose

levels right down to 1 gram triggered infection.


http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/ws/s145d.pdf


2

6. It also appears to me that Mr Bradley’s answer (that it would take less than say 100

grams) was probably given with the benefit of hindsight; particularly if one

considers that later in the same answer Mr Bradley expresses his surprise that it

could take as little of 1 gram of brain to cause BSE by the oral route within the

same species. This information did not become available until the "attack rate"

experiment had been completed in 1995/96. This was a titration experiment

designed to ascertain the infective dose. A range of dosages was used to ensure

that the actual result was within both a lower and an upper limit within the study

and the designing scientists would not have expected all the dose levels to trigger

infection. The dose ranges chosen by the most informed scientists at that time

ranged from 1 gram to three times one hundred grams. It is clear that the designing

scientists must have also shared Mr Bradley’s surprise at the results because all the

dose levels right down to 1 gram triggered infection.


http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/ws/s147f.pdf

TSS




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