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From: TSS ()
Subject: BSE declining in most Countries that have gone by BSE GBR (excluding and not including USA, Canada, and Mexico)
Date: November 12, 2006 at 5:17 pm PST

BSE declining in most Countries that have gone by BSE GBR (excluding and not including USA, Canada, and Mexico), there not looking to find, quite the opposite. ...


http://www.bovine.nl/

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of USA, CANADA, AND MEXICO is III, i.e. it is likely but not confirmed that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. As long as there are no significant changes in rendering or feeding, the stability remains extremely/very unstable. Thus, the probability of cattle to be (pre-clinically or clinically) infected with the BSE-agent persistently increases. that is why GW et al changed the rules to the legal trading of all strains of TSE, i.e. BSE MRR policy, and from the recent USDA/FDA mad cow feed violations, there are literally hundreds of thousands of tons and tons out there in commerce, and it is still being funneled out there today. ...TSS


EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of Canada

Adopted July 2004 (Question N° EFSA-Q-2003-083)


[Last updated 08 September 2004]
[Publication Date 20 August 2004]


http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/science/tse_assessments/gbr_assessments/564.html


EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of Mexico

Adopted July 2004 (Question N° EFSA-Q-2003-083)


[Last updated 08 September 2004]
[Publication Date 20 August 2004]


http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/science/tse_assessments/gbr_assessments/565.html

EFSA Scientific Report on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) of the United States of America (USA)

Adopted July 2004 (Question N° EFSA-Q-2003-083)


[Last updated 08 September 2004]
[Publication Date 20 August 2004]


http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/science/tse_assessments/gbr_assessments/573.html


USDA/OIG-A/50601-10-KC/ Page iv


http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/50601-10-KC.pdf

Subject: MAD COW FDA FEED WARNING LETTER NO. 2007-NOL-01 October 26, 2006 H.J. Baker & Bro., Inc.
Date: November 7, 2006 at 9:08 am PST
Food and Drug Administration

New Orleans District

404 BNA Drive, Building 200, Suite 500

Nashville, TN 37217

Telephone: 615-366-7801

Facsimile: 615-366-7802

October 26, 2006

WARNING LETTER NO. 2007-NOL-01

FEDERAL EXPRESS

OVERNIGHT DELIVERY

Mr. Christopher V. B. Smith

Corporate President, CEO

H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc.

228 Saugatuck Avenue

Westport, Connecticut 06880

Dear Mr. Smith:

On June 6, 8, 12-15, and 23, 2006, a U.S . Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigator inspected

your animal feed protein supplement manufacturing facility, located at 603 Railroad Avenue,

Albertville, Alabama. The inspection revealed significant deviations from the requirements set forth in

Title 21, Code ofFederal Regulations, Part 589.2000 (21 CFR 589.2000), Animal Proteins Prohibited in

Ruminant Feed. This regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and amplification of Bovine

Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). You failed to follow the requirements of this regulation, resulting

in products being manufactured and distributed by your facility because they are adulterated within the

meaning of Section 402(a)(4) [21 USC 342(a)(4)] of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the

Act) and misbranded within the meaning of Section 403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the Act.

Our investigation determined adulteration resulted from the failure of your firm to establish and

implement measures sufficient to prevent commingling or cross-contamination . The adulterated feed

was subsequently misbranded because it was not properly labeled. Specifically, we found :

" Your firm failed to establish and use cleanout procedures or other means to prevent carry-over of

products which contain or may contain protein derived from mammalian tissues into animal protein

or feeds which may be used for ruminants, as required by 21 CFR 589.2000(e)(1)(iii)(B) .

Specifically, you failed to establish and use such measures for a screw auger installed in February

2005 . This auger is used to convey both prohibited and non-prohibited material to bulk storage bins.

In addition, you failed to follow the cleanout procedure your firm had developed for the receiving

systems. Your feed is, therefore, adulterated under Section 402(a)(4) [21 USC 342(a)(4)] of the Act.

" You failed to label all products which contained or may have contained prohibited materials with the

BSE cautionary statement, "Do not feed to cattle or other ruminants," as required by 21 CFR

589.2000(e)(1)(i) . Such products are misbranded under Section 403(3) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the

Act. These misbranded products include the three Pro-Pak products mentioned below, as well as

Page 2 - H. J . Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, Alabama Warning Letter No. 2007-NOL-O 1

those bulk loads of individual feed ingredients processed through this common screw auger and

distributed between the time it was installed in February 2005, and June 9, 2006 .

This letter is not intended to serve as an all-inclusive list of violations at your facility. As a

manufacturer of materials intended for animal feed use, you are responsible for ensuring your overall

operation and the products you manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take prompt action to correct these violations, and you should establish a system whereby violations do not recur. Failure to promptly correct these violations may result in regulatory action, such as seizure and/or injunction, without further notice.

We acknowledge your June 16, 2006, voluntary recall of three products you manufactured from

February 2005 to June 2006. The three products recalled were: Pro-Lak Protein Concentrate for

Lactating Dairy Animals; Pro-Amino II for PreFresh and Lactating Cows; and, Pro-Pak Marine & Animal Protein Concentrate for Use in Animal Feed. Recall effectiveness checks and other measures

will determine the merit of this recall . We recognize you now label all products with the required BSE

cautionary statement and we also acknowledge your intent, given verbally to New Orleans District

management of the FDA, to discontinue the production of supplements which do not contain prohibited

materials. In your written response to this letter, please confirm in writing you have taken these steps.

You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receiving this letter, outlining the specific steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law, including the steps we acknowledge above and any additional steps you have taken. Your response should include an

explanation of each step taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the reason for the delay and the date by which the corrections will be completed. Include copies of any available documentation demonstrating corrections have been made.

Your reply should be directed to Kari L. Batey, Compliance Officer, at the address above. If you have

questions regarding any issue in this letter, please contact Ms. Batey at (615) 366-7808.

Sincerely,

,

Carol S . Sanchez

Acting District Director

New Orleans District

Enclosure: Form FDA 483

cc: Craig R. Waterhouse

Plant Manager

H.J. Baker & Bros., Inc.

603 Railroad Avenue

Albertville, Alabama 35951-3419


http://www.fda.gov/foi/warning_letters/g6104d.pdf


TSS


MORE 2006 FEED BAN VIOLATIONS BELOW, ''IN COMMERCE'' ;


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL USA SEPT 6, 2006 1961.72 TONS IN COMMERCE AL,
TN, AND WV
Date: September 6, 2006 at 7:58 am PST

PRODUCT
a) EVSRC Custom dairy feed, Recall # V-130-6;
b) Performance Chick Starter, Recall # V-131-6;
c) Performance Quail Grower, Recall # V-132-6;
d) Performance Pheasant Finisher, Recall # V-133-6.
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Donaldson & Hasenbein/dba J&R Feed Service, Inc., Cullman, AL, by telephone
on June 23, 2006 and by letter dated July 19, 2006. Firm initiated recall is
complete.
REASON
Dairy and poultry feeds were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
477.72 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL
______________________________
PRODUCT
a) Dairy feed, custom, Recall # V-134-6;
b) Custom Dairy Feed with Monensin, Recall # V-135-6.
CODE
None. Bulk product
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Recalling Firm: Burkmann Feed, Greeneville, TN, by Telephone beginning on
June 28, 2006.
Manufacturer: H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL. Firm initiated
recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy feeds with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
1,484 tons
DISTRIBUTION
TN and WV


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00968.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALLS ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006 KY, LA,
MS, AL, GA, AND TN 11,000+ TONS
Date: August 16, 2006 at 9:19 am PST

RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE - CLASS II
______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-115-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Hiseville Feed & Seed Co., Hiseville, KY, by telephone and letter on or
about July 14, 2006. FDA initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
Approximately 2,223 tons
DISTRIBUTION
KY

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-116-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Rips Farm Center, Tollesboro, KY, by telephone and letter on July 14, 2006.
FDA initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
1,220 tons
DISTRIBUTION
KY

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-117-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Kentwood Co-op, Kentwood, LA, by telephone on June 27, 2006. FDA initiated
recall is completed.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feed ingredients, including ingredients
that are used in feed for dairy animals, with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
40 tons
DISTRIBUTION
LA and MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk Dairy Feed, Recall V-118-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Cal Maine Foods, Inc., Edwards, MS, by telephone on June 26, 2006. FDA
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feed ingredients, including ingredients
that are used in feed for dairy animals, with ruminant derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
7,150 tons
DISTRIBUTION
MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes, Recall # V-119-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Walthall County Co-op, Tylertown, MS, by telephone on June 26, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and
bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
87 tons
DISTRIBUTION
MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes, Recall # V-120-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Ware Milling Inc., Houston, MS, by telephone on June 23, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and
bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
350 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL and MS

______________________________
PRODUCT
a) Tucker Milling, LLC Tm 32% Sinking Fish Grower, #2680-Pellet,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-121-6;
b) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder Pellet,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-122-6;
c) Tucker Milling, LLC #31232 Game Bird Grower,
50 lb. bags, Recall # V-123-6;
d) Tucker Milling, LLC 31227-Crumble, Game Bird Starter, BMD
Medicated, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-124-6;
e) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder, 50 lb bags,
Recall # V-125-6;
f) Tucker Milling, LLC #30230, 30 % Turkey Starter, 50 lb bags,
Recall # V-126-6;
g) Tucker Milling, LLC #30116, TM Broiler Finisher,
50 lb bags, Recall # V-127-6
CODE
All products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/20/2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Recalling Firm: Tucker Milling LLC, Guntersville, AL, by telephone and visit
on June 20, 2006, and by letter on June 23, 2006.
Manufacturer: H. J. Baker and Brothers Inc., Stamford, CT. Firm initiated
recall is ongoing.
REASON
Poultry and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein were not labeled as "Do not feed to ruminants".
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
7,541-50 lb bags
DISTRIBUTION
AL, GA, MS, and TN

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ENFORCE/2006/ENF00964.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL MI MAMMALIAN PROTEIN VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN
COMMERCE 27,694,240 lbs
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:14 pm PST
PRODUCT
Bulk custom dairy feds manufactured from concentrates, Recall # V-113-6
CODE
All dairy feeds produced between 2/1/05 and 6/16/06 and containing H. J.
Baker recalled feed products.
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Vita Plus Corp., Gagetown, MI, by visit beginning on June 21, 2006. Firm
initiated recall is complete.
REASON
The feed was manufactured from materials that may have been contaminated
with mammalian protein.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
27,694,240 lbs
DISTRIBUTION
MI


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL AL AND FL VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 125
TONS Products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:16 pm PST
PRODUCT
a) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish, Recall # V-100-6;
b) Performance Sheep Pell W/Decox/A/N, medicated,
net wt. 50 lbs, Recall # V-101-6;
c) Pro 40% Swine Conc Meal -- 50 lb, Recall # V-102-6;
d) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish Food Medicated,
Recall # V-103-6;
e) "Big Jim's" BBB Deer Ration, Big Buck Blend,
Recall # V-104-6;
f) CO-OP 40% Hog Supplement Medicated Pelleted,
Tylosin 100 grams/ton, 50 lb. bag, Recall # V-105-6;
g) Pig Starter Pell II, 18% W/MCDX Medicated 282020,
Carbadox -- 0.0055%, Recall # V-106-6;
h) CO-OP STARTER-GROWER CRUMBLES, Complete
Feed for Chickens from Hatch to 20 Weeks, Medicated,
Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate, 25 and 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-107-6;
i) CO-OP LAYING PELLETS, Complete Feed for Laying
Chickens, Recall # 108-6;
j) CO-OP LAYING CRUMBLES, Recall # V-109-6;
k) CO-OP QUAIL FLIGHT CONDITIONER MEDICATED,
net wt 50 Lbs, Recall # V-110-6;
l) CO-OP QUAIL STARTER MEDICATED, Net Wt. 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-111-6;
m) CO-OP QUAIL GROWER MEDICATED, 50 Lbs,
Recall # V-112-6
CODE
Product manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Alabama Farmers Cooperative, Inc., Decatur, AL, by telephone, fax, email and
visit on June 9, 2006. FDA initiated recall is complete.
REASON
Animal and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based
protein not labeled as "Do not feed to ruminants".
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
125 tons
DISTRIBUTION
AL and FL


END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL KY VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE ?????
Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:19 pm PST
PRODUCT
Bulk custom made dairy feed, Recall # V-114-6
CODE
None
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
Burkmann Feeds LLC, Glasgow, KY, by letter on July 14, 2006. Firm initiated
recall is ongoing.
REASON
Custom made feeds contain ingredient called Pro-Lak, which may contain
ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
?????
DISTRIBUTION
KY
END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html


CJD WATCH MESSAGE BOARD
TSS
MAD COW FEED RECALL USA EQUALS 10,878.06 TONS NATIONWIDE
Sun Jul 16, 2006 09:22
71.248.128.67


RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE -- CLASS II
______________________________
PRODUCT
a) PRO-LAK, bulk weight, Protein Concentrate for Lactating Dairy Animals,
Recall # V-079-6;
b) ProAmino II, FOR PREFRESH AND LACTATING COWS, net weight 50lb (22.6 kg),
Recall # V-080-6;
c) PRO-PAK, MARINE & ANIMAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATE FOR USE IN ANIMAL
FEED, Recall # V-081-6;
d) Feather Meal, Recall # V-082-6
CODE
a) Bulk
b) None
c) Bulk
d) Bulk
RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL, by telephone on June 15, 2006 and
by press release on June 16, 2006. Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
REASON
Possible contamination of animal feeds with ruminent derived meat and bone
meal.
VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
10,878.06 tons
DISTRIBUTION
Nationwide

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR July 12, 2006

###


http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00960.html


Subject: MAD COW FEED BAN WARNING LETTER ISSUED MAY 17, 2006
Date: June 27, 2006 at 7:42 am PST
Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration

New Orleans District
297 Plus Park Blvd.
Nashville, TN 37217

Telephone: 615-781-5380
Fax: 615-781-5391


May 17, 2006

WARNING LETTER NO. 2006-NOL-06

FEDERAL EXPRESS
OVERNIGHT DELIVERY

Mr. William Shirley, Jr., Owner
Louisiana.DBA Riegel By-Products
2621 State Street
Dallas, Texas 75204

Dear Mr. Shirley:

On February 12, 17, 21, and 22, 2006, a U.S. Food & Drug Administration
(FDA) investigator inspected your rendering plant, located at 509 Fortson
Street, Shreveport, Louisiana. The inspection revealed significant
deviations from the requirements set forth in Title 21, Code of Federal
Regulations, Part 589.2000 [21 CFR 589.2000], Animal Proteins Prohibited in
Ruminant Feed. This regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and
amplification of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). You failed to
follow the requirements of this regulation; products being manufactured and
distributed by your facility are misbranded within the meaning of Section
403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
(the Act).

Our investigation found you failed to provide measures, including sufficient
written procedures, to prevent commingling or cross-contamination and to
maintain sufficient written procedures [21 CFR 589.2000(e)] because:

You failed to use clean-out procedures or other means adequate to prevent
carryover of protein derived from mammalian tissues into animal protein or
feeds which may be used for ruminants. For example, your facility uses the
same equipment to process mammalian and poultry tissues. However, you use
only hot water to clean the cookers between processing tissues from each
species. You do not clean the auger, hammer mill, grinder, and spouts after
processing mammalian tissues.

You failed to maintain written procedures specifying the clean-out
procedures or other means to prevent carryover of protein derived from
mammalian tissues into feeds which may be used for ruminants.

As a result . the poultry meal you manufacture may contain protein derived
from mammalian tissues prohibited in ruminant feed. Pursuant to 21 CFR
589.2000(e)(1)(i), any products containing or may contain protein derived
from mammalian tissues must be labeled, "Do not feed to cattle or other
ruminants." Since you failed to label a product which may contain protein
derived from mammalian tissues with the required cautionary statement. the
poultry meal is misbranded under Section 403(a)(1) [21 USC 343(a)(1)] of the
Act.

This letter is not intended as an all-inclusive list of violations at your
facility. As a manufacturer of materials intended for animal feed use, you
are responsible for ensuring your overall operation and the products you
manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take
prompt action to correct these violations, and you should establish a system
whereby violations do not recur. Failure to promptly correct these
violations may result in regulatory action, such as seizure and/or
injunction, without further notice.

You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receiving
this letter, outlining the specific steps you have taken to bring your firm
into compliance with the law. Your response should include an explanation of
each step taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If
corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the
reason for the delay and the date by which the corrections will be
completed. Include copies of any available documentation demonstrating
corrections have been made.

Your reply should be directed to Mark W. Rivero, Compliance Officer, U.S.
Food and Drug Administration, 2424 Edenborn Avenue, Suite 410, Metairie,
Louisiana 70001. If you have questions regarding any issue in this letter,
please contact Mr. Rivero at (504) 219-8818, extension 103.

Sincerely,

/S

Carol S. Sanchez
Acting District Director
New Orleans District


http://www.fda.gov/foi/warning_letters/g5883d.htm

Subject: EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS: BSE; MRR AND IMPORTATION OF COMMODITIES, 65758-65759 [E6-19042]
Date: November 9, 2006 at 1:38 pm PST
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Animal and Plant Health Inspection

Service

9 CFR Parts 93, 94, and 95

[Docket No. APHIS–2006–0026]

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy;

Minimal-Risk Regions, Identification of

Ruminants and Processing and

Importation of Commodities

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health

Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Proposed rule; reopening of

comment period.

SUMMARY: We are reopening the

comment period for our proposed rule

that would remove several restrictions

regarding the identification of animals

and the processing of ruminant

materials from BSE minimal-risk

regions, as well as BSE-based

restrictions on gelatin derived from

bovine hides. This action will allow

interested persons additional time to

prepare and submit comments.

DATES: We will consider all comments

that we receive on or before November

24, 2006.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments

by either of the following methods:

• Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to

http://www.regulations.gov, select

‘‘Animal and Plant Health Inspection

Service’’ from the agency drop-down

menu, then click ‘‘Submit.’’ In the

Docket ID column, select APHIS–2006–

0026 to submit or view public

VerDate Aug<31>2005 14:28 Nov 08, 2006 Jkt 211001 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\09NOP1.SGM 09NOP1 rmajette on PROD1PC67 with PROPOSALS1

65759 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 217 / Thursday, November 9, 2006 / Proposed Rules

comments and to view supporting and

related materials available

electronically. Information on using

Regulations.gov, including instructions

for accessing documents, submitting

comments, and viewing the docket after

the close of the comment period, is

available through the site’s ‘‘User Tips’’

link.

• Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery:

Please send four copies of your

comment (an original and three copies)

to Docket No. APHIS–2006–0026,

Regulatory Analysis and Development,

PPD, APHIS, Station 3A–03.8, 4700

River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD

20737–1238. Please state that your

comment refers to Docket No. APHIS–

2006–0026.

Reading Room: You may read any

comments that we receive on Docket

No. APHIS–2006–0026 in our reading

room. The reading room is located in

room 1141 of the USDA South Building,

14th Street and Independence Avenue,

SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading

room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.,

Monday through Friday, except

holidays. To be sure someone is there to

help you, please call (202) 690–2817

before coming.

Other Information: Additional

information about APHIS and its

programs is available on the Internet at

http://www.aphis.usda.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For

information regarding ruminant

products, contact Dr. Karen James-

Preston, Director, Technical Trade

Services, Animal Products, National

Center for Import and Export, VS,

APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 38,

Riverdale, MD 20737–1231; (301) 734–

4356.

For information concerning live

ruminants, contact Dr. Lee Ann Thomas,

Director, Technical Trade Services,

Animals, Organisms and Vectors, and

Select Agents, National Center for

Import and Export, VS, APHIS, 4700

River Road, Unit 38, Riverdale, MD

20737–1231; (301) 734–4356.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On August

9, 2006, we published in the Federal

Register (71 FR 45439–45444, Docket

No. APHIS–2006–0026) a proposal to

remove several restrictions regarding the

identification of animals and the

processing of ruminant materials from

BSE minimal-risk regions, as well as

BSE-based restrictions on gelatin

derived from bovine hides.

Comments on the proposed rule were

required to be received on or before

October 10, 2006. We are reopening the

comment period on Docket No. APHIS–

2006–0026 for an additional 14 days.

This action will allow interested

persons additional time to prepare and

submit comments. We will also consider

all comments received between October

11, 2006, and the date of this notice.

Authority: 7 U.S.C. 450, 1622, 7701–7772,

7781–7786, and 8301–8317; 21 U.S.C. 136

and 136a; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80,

and 371.4.

Done in Washington, DC, this 3rd of

November 2006.

Kevin Shea,

Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant

Health Inspection Service.

[FR Doc. E6–19042 Filed 11–8–06; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410–34–P


http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20061800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2006/pdf/E6-19042.pdf


Exportation and importation of animals and animal products:

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy; minimal-risk regions and importation of commodities,
65758–65759 [E6–19042]


IN REALITY, WHAT THIS MEANS IS IN ADDITION TO IMPORTATION OF COMMODITIES, YOU WILL BE IMPORTING FROM A COUNTRY THAT HAS THE MOST DOCUMENTED TSE THAN ANY OTHER NATION IN THE WORLD DUE TO NON-COMPLIANCE OF RUMINANT FEED BAN FOR ONE THING, AND OUTRIGHT DECEIT AND CORRUPTION FOR ANOTHER. DO YOU WANT TO EXPOSE YOUR PEOPLE TO THIS ALL FOR A BUCK $$$ THE USDA DOES. ...TSS

IN a time when FSIS/APHIS/USDA/FDA et al should be strengthening the TSE regulations, it seems corporate interest has won out again over sound science and consumer protection from an agent that is 100% fatal for the ones that go clinical. With the many different atypical TSEs showing up in different parts of the world, and with GWs BSE MRR policy (the legal policy of trading all strains of TSEs), the battle that has waged for the last 25 years to eradicate this agent from this planet will be set back decades, if not lost for good. ...

http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/Comments/03-025IFA/03-025IFA-2.pdf

On the Question of Sporadic or Atypical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Paul Brown,* Lisa M. McShane,† Gianluigi Zanusso,‡ and Linda Detwiler§
Emerging Infectious Diseases • www.cdc.gov/eid • Vol. 12, No. 12, December 2006

Strategies to investigate the possible existence of sporadic

bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) require

systematic testing programs to identify cases in countries

considered to have little or no risk for orally acquired disease,

or to detect a stable occurrence of atypical cases in

countries in which orally acquired disease is disappearing.

To achieve 95% statistical confidence that the prevalence

of sporadic BSE is no greater than 1 per million (i.e., the

annual incidence of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

[CJD] in humans) would require negative tests in 3 million

randomly selected older cattle. A link between BSE and

sporadic CJD has been suggested on the basis of laboratory

studies but is unsupported by epidemiologic observation.

Such a link might yet be established by the discovery

of a specific molecular marker or of particular combinations

of trends over time of typical and atypical BSE and various

subtypes of sporadic CJD, as their numbers are influenced

by a continuation of current public health measures that

exclude high-risk bovine tissues from the animal and

human food chains.


SNIP...

Recognition of the different forms of BSE and CJD

depends upon continuing systematic testing for both

bovines and humans, but bovine testing will be vulnerable


Figure 5. Diagram of 2 possible informative trends in the incidence

of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and Creutzfeld-Jakob

disease (CJD). The left panel shows the likely trends of typical

BSE and variant CJD (vCJD). The right upper panel shows 1 possible

pair of trends of atypical BSE and sporadic CJD (sCJD)

that might occur in conjunction with the typical BSE/vCJD trends,

and would be consistent with the interpretation that atypical BSE

is not sporadic and not related to sCJD. The right lower panel

shows a second possible associated pair of trends consistent with

the interpretation that atypical BSE is sporadic and might also be

related to the type 2 M/V subset of apparently sCJD.

1820 Emerging Infectious Diseases • www.cdc.gov/eid • Vol. 12, No. 12, December 2006


to heavy pressure from industry to dismantle the program

as the commercial impact of declining BSE cases ceases to

be an issue. Industry should be aware, however, of the

implications of sporadic BSE. Its occurrence would necessitate

the indefinite retention of all of the public health

measures that exclude high-risk bovine tissues from the

animal and human food chains, whereas its nonoccurrence

would permit tissues that are now destroyed to be used as

before, once orally acquired BSE has disappeared.

SNIP...END

Emerging Infectious Diseases • www.cdc.gov/eid • Vol. 12, No. 12, December 2006


TO REDUCE TESTING OF BSE IN THE USA TO ONLY 40,000 A YEAR, is simply not scientific regardless of

what the OIE BSE testing protocol calls for. ALL one has

to do is look at the countries above that all went down with BSE, that all went by the infamous OIE BSE testing

protocols. THEN and only then, after the USA finally fumbled the 'BSE FREE' golden egg and accidently had to

document a case or two of mad cow, low and behold, what next? yep, you guessed it, time to move the goal post in the

middle of the football game, GWs and his sleeping partners at the OIE, gave birth to the BSE MRR policy, the legal

trading of all strains of TSE globally was born. ...


BILLING CODE: 3410-34-P

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

9 CFR Parts 93, 94, 95, and 96

[Docket No. 03-080-3]

RIN 0579-AB73

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Minimal-Risk Regions and Importation of Commodities

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Final rule.

Page 82 of 98

8/3/2006

SUMMARY: We are amending the regulations regarding the importation of animals and animal

products to establish a category of regions that present a minimal risk of introducing bovine

spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) into the United States via live ruminants and ruminant

products and byproducts, and we are adding Canada to this category. We are also establishing

conditions for the importation of certain live ruminants and ruminant products and byproducts

from such regions. These actions will continue to protect against the introduction of BSE into

the United States while removing unnecessary prohibitions on the importation of certain

commodities from minimal-risk regions for BSE, currently only Canada.

EFFECTIVE DATE: [Insert date 60 days after date of publication in the Federal Register].

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information concerning ruminant products,

contact Dr. Karen James-Preston, Director, Technical Trade Services, National Center for Import

and Export, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 38, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-4356.

For information concerning live ruminants, contact Lee Ann Thomas, Director, Technical

Trade Services, Animals, Organisms and Vectors, and Select Agents, National Center for Import

and Export, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 38, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-4356.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/bse/03-080-3_final_rule.pdf

[Federal Register: November 4, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 213)]

[Proposed Rules]

[Page 62386-62405]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[DOCID:fr04no03-5]

========================================================================

Proposed Rules

Federal Register

________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of

the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these

notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in

the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.

Page 83 of 98

8/3/2006

========================================================================

[[Page 62386]]

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

9 CFR Parts 93, 94, and 95

[Docket No. 03-080-1]

RIN 0579-AB73

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Minimal Risk Regions and

Importation of Commodities

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are proposing to amend the regulations regarding the

importation of animals and animal products to recognize a category of

regions that present a minimal risk of introducing bovine spongiform

encephalopathy (BSE) into the United States via live ruminants and

ruminant products, and are proposing to add Canada to this category. We

are also proposing to allow the importation of certain live ruminants

and ruminant products and byproducts from such regions under certain

conditions. We believe this action is warranted because it would

continue to protect against the introduction of BSE into the United

States while removing unnecessary prohibitions on certain commodities

from Canada and other regions that qualify as BSE minimal-risk regions.

DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before

January 5, 2004.

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2003_register&docid=fr04no03-5

[Federal Register: April 8, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 67)]

[Rules and Regulations]

[Page 18251-18262]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[DOCID:fr08ap05-11]

Page 84 of 98

8/3/2006

[[Page 18251]]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Part VII

Department of Agriculture

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

9 CFR Part 93, et al.

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Minimal-Risk Regions and Importation

of Commodities; Finding of No Significant Impact and Affirmation of

Final Rule; Final Rule

[[Page 18252]]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

9 CFR Parts 93, 94, 95, and 98

[Docket No. 03-080-7]

RIN 0579-AB73

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Minimal-Risk Regions and

Importation of Commodities; Finding of No Significant Impact and

Affirmation of Final Rule

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

Page 85 of 98

8/3/2006

ACTION: Affirmation of final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are publishing a finding of no significant impact for a

final rule concerning bovine spongiform encephalopathy minimal risk

regions published January 4, 2005, and, based on that finding, we are

affirming the provisions of the final rule. The finding of no

significant impact is based on an environmental assessment that

documented our review and analysis of potential environmental impacts

associated with the final rule and our review of issues raised by the

public regarding the environmental assessment. Together, the

environmental assessment and our review of the issues raised provide a

basis for our conclusion that the provisions of the final rule will not

have a significant impact on the quality of the human environment and

support our affirmation of the final rule.

DATES: The final rule published January 4, 2005 (70 FR 460), with a

partial delay of applicability published March 11, 2005 (70 FR 12112),

was effective March 7, 2005. This affirmation of the final rule is

effective April 8, 2005.

http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01jan20051800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2005/05-7141.htm

World Animal Health Body Changes Mad Cow Risk Definitions

WASHINGTON, DC, May 31, 2006 (ENS) - Member countries of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)

last week voted unanimously to revise the three definitions of risk categories for countries affected by mad cow

disease, formally known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

The three definitions are - negligible risk, controlled risk, and undetermined risk of cattle being infected with the fatal

brain-wasting disease.

Previously, a country that discovered a case of BSE had to wait seven years from the date of its latest discovery before

being eligible to be classified as a “negligible risk” country, the category for countries with the least amount of risk

from the disease.

Under these guidelines, the United States would have had to wait until the year 2013 to be classified as a negligible risk

country after a veterinarian discovered a cow infected with the disease in Alabama in March, the third infected U.S.

cow to be found.

Now, as a result of OIE’s decision, countries work from the date of birth of the animal discovered to be infected with

the BSE agent – misfolded proteins called prions.

The decision was made at the OIE's Annual General Session held in Paris from May 21 to 26.

Page 86 of 98

8/3/2006

The General Session notably brings together representatives appointed by the governments of the 167 OIE member

countries. Some 600 participants representing member countries and intergovernmental organizations such as the UN

Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Health Organization, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization

took part in the event.

Many U.S. cattlemen support the change because it more accurately reflects the scientific knowledge surrounding the

disease.

“Scientists have determined that BSE is caused by feeding contaminated animal-based feed to cattle, and that cattle are

most likely to become infected with BSE during the first year of their lives, so using the infected animal’s birth date as

a reference point allows countries to determine how recently contaminated feed may have been circulating within their

feed system,” said Bill Bullard, CEO of R-CALF USA, a cattle industry association.

A ban on feeding animal tissues to cattle was imposed in the United States and Canada in 1997.

snip...

http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/may2006/2006-05-31-02.asp

Research article

Prion gene haplotypes of U.S. cattle

Michael L Clawson , Michael P Heaton , John W Keele , Timothy PL Smith , Gregory P Harhay and William W Laegreid

BMC Genetics 2006, 7:51 doi:10.1186/1471-2156-7-51

Published 8 November 2006

Abstract (provisional)


The complete article is available as a provisional PDF. The fully formatted PDF and HTML versions are in production.


Background

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a fatal neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of a protease-resistant isoform of the prion protein. Characterizing linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype networks within the bovine prion gene (PRNP) is important for 1) testing rare or common PRNP variation for an association with BSE and 2) interpreting any association of PRNP alleles with BSE susceptibility. The objective of this study was to identify polymorphisms and haplotypes within PRNP from the promoter region through the 3UTR in a diverse sample of U.S. cattle genomes.

Results

A 25.2-kb genomic region containing PRNP was sequenced from 192 diverse U.S. beef and dairy cattle. Sequence analyses identified 388 total polymorphisms, of which 287 have not previously been reported. The polymorphism alleles define PRNP by regions of high and low LD. High LD is present between alleles in the promoter region through exon 2 (6.7 kb). PRNP alleles within the majority of intron 2, the entire coding sequence and the untranslated region of exon 3 are in low LD (18.0 kb). Two haplotype networks, one representing the region of high LD and the other the region of low LD yielded nineteen different combinations that represent haplotypes spanning PRNP. The haplotype combinations are tagged by 19 polymorphisms (htSNPS) which characterize variation within and across PRNP.

Conclusion

The number of polymorphisms in the prion gene region of U.S. cattle is nearly four times greater than previously described. These polymorphisms define PRNP haplotypes that may influence BSE susceptibility in cattle.


SEE FULL TEXT PFD ;

http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2156-7-51.pdf


nuff said. .............TSS



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